Business Analysis of Intensive Fish Farming with Aquaponic Systemusing Probiotic and Biofertilizer from Gracilaria sp. Seaweed Waste
Keywords:enrichment product, probiotic, biofertilizer, Gracilaria sp. waste, aquaponic
The aim of the research is to transfer knowledge about enrichment product of probiotic and biofertilizer and analysis of technology engineering ofÂ Gracilaria sp.Â waste as probiotic and biofertilizer in intensive fish farming with aquaponic system.Â The business analysis showed the optimization of technology engineering of seaweed waste processing in intensive fish farming with aquaponic system. The survival rate of fish with enrichment product of probiotic and biofertilizer was recorded at 83.3% while the survival rate of fish without enrichment product of probiotic and biofertilizer only reached 66.7%.Â The technology engineering of seaweed waste as probiotic and biofertilizer could save water usage up to 20 times from originally 400 m3/10 months into 20 m3/10 months.Â However, there was no differences in the amount of harvested water spinach which was 25 kg/cycle.Â Finally, this system showed better values â€‹â€‹of cash flow, R / C ratio, payback period and break-even points compared to those in aquaponic system without enrichment product of probiotic and biofertilizer from Gracilaria sp. seaweed waste.
â€¢ Ahmad, T., Sofiarsih, L. and Rusmana. 2007. The Growth of Patin Pangasiodon hypopthalmus in a Close System Tank. Indonesian Aquaculture Journal2(1): 67-73.
â€¢ Alamsjah. M.A. 2013. Strengthening Of Youth Generation Marine Program From Konsorsium Mitra Bahari, Regional Center East Java, Indonesia Strengthening of Youth Generation Marine Program From Konsorsium Mitra Bahari, Regional Center East Java, Indonesia.Korea Sea Grant Week 2013, The Past, Present and Future of Korea Sea Grant. Songdo Convensia, Incheon, Korea.
â€¢ Alamsjah, M.A. and Prayogo. 2014. Mineral Nutrient Content from Gracilaria sp. Waste as Biofertilizeron Intensive Aquaculture with Aquaponic System. Journal of Natural Sciences Research, 4 (21): 65-74.
â€¢ Anggadireja, J. T., Zatnika A., Purwoto, H. and Istini, S. 2006. Rumput Laut. Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta, p.39-47.
â€¢ Aslan, L. M. 1998. Rumput Laut. Kanisius, Jakarta, p.13-37.
â€¢ Basmal, J. 2011. Rumput Laut Bahan Pupuk Organik Prospektif. http://www.sinartani.com. 14/03/2001. 2 pp.
â€¢ Blidariu, F. and Grozea, A. 2011. Increasing the Economical Efficiency and Sustainability of Indoor Fish Farming by Means of Aquaponics-Review. Scientific Papers: Animal Science and Biotechnologies, 44 (2): 1-8.
â€¢ Diver, S. 2006. Aquaponic-Integration Hydroponic with Aquaculture. National Centre of Appropriate Technology. United States Department of Agricultureâ€™s Rural Bussiness Cooperative Service.
â€¢ Dunn, P. 2012. An Aquaponics Experiment: Where Tilapia and Tomatoes can be best Buddies. Times-News, the (Twin Falls, ID) 12 December 2012: Newspaper Source Plus. USA.
â€¢ Effendie, M.I. 1997. Biologi Perikanan. Yayasan Pustaka Nusantara. Yogyakarta, p.73-100.
â€¢ Effendi, H. 2000. Telaah Kualitas Air. Bagi Pengelolaan Sumberdayadan Lingkungan Perairan.Jurusan ManajemenSumberdaya Perairan. FakultasPerikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan.IPB, Bogor.
â€¢ Gideon, O.A., Ogbonda, K. H. and Aminigo, R. E. 2007. Optimization Studies of Biomass Production and Protein Biosynthesis in a Spirulina sp. Isolated From an Oil Polluted Flame Pit in The Niger Delta. Departement of Microbiologi. Port Harcourt University. Nigeria.
â€¢ Hidayat, D. 1985. Pakan Ikan (Makanan Ikan). Yasaguna. Jakarta, p.15-21.
â€¢ Inckle, M., Peter, D. S., Tim, T and Tom, V. 2005. The Preparation and Use of Compost. Agromisa Foundation, Wageningen, Netherlands, p.11-12.
â€¢ Judoamijoyo, A. 2003. Probiotik Akuakultur. Gadjah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.
â€¢ Kohar, I.,Hadjo, P.H., Jonatan, M.and Agustanti, O. 2004. Study Kandungan Logam Pb dalam Batang dan Daun kangkung (Ipomoea Reptans) yang direbus dengan NaCl dan Asam Asetat. Makara, Sains. 8(3):85-88.
â€¢ Lacheta, A. 2010. The Future of Food. WellBeing Natural Health & Living News, 14 December 2010. USA.
â€¢ Luqman, E.M., Sidik, R., Subekti, S., Indawati, R., Qomaruddin, M. B. and Alamsjah. M. A. 1999. Peningkatan Pemberdayaan Keluarga Sejahtera I Melalui Usaha Pengawetan Ikan dan Pemanfaatan Limbah Ikan Sebagai Pakan Ternak di Kecamatan Brondong Kabupaten Lamongan. Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat. UNiversitas Airlangga.
â€¢ Nugroho, E. and Sutrisno. 2008. Budidaya Ikan dan sayuran dengan Sistem Akuaponik. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.
â€¢ Prasad, K.N., Shivamurthy, G.R. and Aradhya, S.M. 2008. Ipomoea aquatica, An Underalilized Green Leafy Vegetable: A Review. International Journal Of Botany. Asian Network For Scientific Information, 4 (1): 123-129.
â€¢ Pramono, B. T. 2011. Akuaponik solusi budidaya ikan pada lahan terbatas. http://taufikbudhipramono.blog.unsoed.ac.id. 27/03/2011.
â€¢ Roosta, H.R. and Ghorbani, F. 2011. Investigation of The Growth and Development, Essential Oil and Minerals Content in Two Species of Mint in Hydroponics and Aquaponics. J. Sci. & Technol.2 (7): 19-27.
â€¢ Saputra, D. R., 2011. Aplikasi Bioteknologi Pemanfaatan Limbah Rumput Laut. http://www.gudangreferensi.com. 4/6/2011, p.9.
â€¢ Suyanto, S. R. 2002. Nila. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta, p.13-15.
â€¢ Thimen, L., Preston, T.R., Thao, Cong, B.V. and Hoi, D.N. 2005. On Farm Evolution of The Effect of Different Fertilizers on Water Spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) yields, and of including water spinach and catfish oil in diets For Fattening pigs in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam. Workshop, 23-25 May 2005. Mekarn â€“ CTU. Vietnam.
â€¢ Tyson, R.V., Simonne, E.H., White, J.M. and Lamb, E.M. 2004. Reconciling Water Quality Parameters Impacting Nitrification in Aquaponics: The pH Levels. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc.117: 79-83.
â€¢ Tyson, R.V., Simonne, E.H., Davis, M., Lamb, E.M., White, J.M. and Treadwell, D.D. 2007, Effect of Nutrient Solution. Nitrate-Nitrogen Concentration, and pH on Nitrification Rate in Perlite Medium. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 30 (6): 901-913.
â€¢ Tyson, R.V., Simonne, E.H., Treadwell, D.D., Davis, M. and White, J.M. 2008a. Effect of Water pH on Yield and Nutritional Status of Greenhouse Cucumber Grown in Recirculating Hydroponics. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 31 (11): 2018-2030.
â€¢ Tyson, R.V., Simonne, E.H., Treadwell, D.D., White, J.M. and Simonne, A. 2008b. Reconciling pH for Ammonia Biofiltration and Cucumber Yield in a Recirculating Aquaponic System with Perlite Biofilters. HortScience.43 (3): 719-724.
How to Cite
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.