Effects of Rice Husk on the Lightweight Concrete Properties Produced by Natural Zeolite for Agricultural Buildings
Keywords:Lightweight concrete, organic waste, physical and mechanical properties, thermal properties
The objective of this research was to investigate physical, mechanical and thermal properties of concrete produced by using zeolite (clinoptiolite) and organic waste (rice husk). The lightweight concrete of 300 and 400 cement contents were produced by adding various amounts ( 5, 10, 15 and 20 %) of rice husk Â into the zeolite. The physical, mechanical and thermal properties of the samples were determined after 28 days. According to the experimental results, the compressive strengths of the samples for 300 and 400 cement contents ranged between 145.80 and 132.87 kg/cm2 and between 192.54 and 167.16 kg/cm2, respectively. The unit weights of the samples for 300 and 400 cement contents ranged between 1406 and 1507 kg/m3 and 1559 and 1604 kg/m3, respectively. The water absorption rates of the samples for 300 and 400 cement contents were between 6.17 and 14.19 % and between 4.44 and 7.46%, respectively. In addition, thermal conductivities varied between 0.581 and 0.510 W/mK for 300 cement content and 0.658 and 0.621 W/mK for 400 cement content. In conclusion, rice husk has potential as a material to produce lightweight concrete when considering its strength, resistance and insulation properties.
M. Mouli, H. Khelafi, â€œPerformance Charecteristics of Lightweight Aggregate Concrete Containing Natural Pozzolanâ€, Buil. Env., 43: 31-36, 2008.
H. Tanyildizi, â€œEffect of Temperature, Carbon Fibers and Silica Fume on the Mechanical Properties of Lightweight Concretesâ€, New Car. Mat. 23(4): 339-344, 2008.
R. De Gennaro, A. Langella, M.D. Amore, M. Dondi, A. Colella, P. Cappelletti, M. De Gennaro, â€œUse of Zeolite-Rich Rocks and Waste Materials for the Production of Structural Lightweight Concretesâ€, Appl. Clay Sci., 41: 61-72, 2008.
S.H. Kosmatka, W.C. Panarese, Design and Control of Concrete Mixture, Portland Cement Association Publication, Illinois, USA, 1992.
N.Q. Feng, G.F. Peng, â€œApplication of Natural Zeolite to Construction and Building Materials in Chinaâ€, Cons. and Buil. Mat., 19: 579-584, 2005.
C.B. Sisman, I. Kocaman, E. Gezer, â€œA Research on Using Possibility of Lightweight Concrete Produced with Natural Zeolite in Agricultural Buildingsâ€, NamÄ±k Kemal Univ. J. Agri. Fac., 5 (2):187-195, 2008.
J. Khedari, B. Suttisonk, N. Pratinthong, J. Hirunlabh, â€œNew Lightweight Composite Constrution Materials with Low Thermal Conductivityâ€, Cem. Conc. Com., 23 (1): 65-70, 2001.
M.A. Manan, C. Ganapathy, â€œEngineering Properties of Concrete with Oil Palm Shells as Coarse Aggregateâ€, Cons. Buil. Mat., 16(1): 29-34, 2002.
I. Orung, â€œA Research on Usage Possibilities of Ground Lightweight Aggregates in Agricultural Buildingsâ€, Ataturk Univ. J. Agri. Fac., 26(1): 90-111, 1995.
S. Karaman, S. Sahin, I. Orung, K. Pabuccu, â€œResearching of Opportunities for of Composite Made of Tree Leaves and Pumice Added Gypsum in Rural Buildingsâ€, Uludag Univ. J. Arch. and Eng. Fac., 11 (1): 75-82, 2006.
TS 1114 EN 13055-1, Lightweight Aggregates for Concrete and Mortar, Institute of Turkish Standards, Ankara, 2004.
E.U. Turgutalp, I. Orung, â€œA Research on Some Properties of Lightweight Aggregate Concrete Under Effect of Freezing-Thawingâ€, Ataturk Univ. J. Agri. Fac., 23(2): 72-88, 1992.
T.Y., Erdogan, The Concrete with Questions and Answers, Turkish Ready Mixed Concrete Units, ISBN 975-92122-1-8, Ankara, Turkey, pp. 85, 2004.
BS 5328, Concrete Preparation Methods, UK. Standard Institude, London, 1976.
T. Ozturk, M. Bayrak, â€œThe Possibilities of Using Tobacco Wastes in Producing Lightweight Concreteâ€, Agricultural Engineering International: The CIRG Ej. VII, 2005.
TS EN 12390-2, The Testing Hardened Concrete- Part 2, Making and Curing Specimens Used for Strength Tests, Institute of Turkish Standards, Ankara, Turkey, 2002.
TS EN 12390-3, Testing Hardened Concrete- Part 3, Compressive Strength of Test Specimens for Strength Tests, Institute of Turkish Standards, Ankara, Turkey, 2003.
TS 3624, Test Method for Determination the Specific Gravity the Absorption Water and the Void Ratio in Hardened Concrete, Institute of Turkish Standards, Ankara, Turkey, 1981.
T. Ekmekyapar, I. Orung, Buildings Materials, AtatÃ¼rk Univ. Agricultural Fac. Publication Number: 145, pp 43-170, Erzurum, Turkey, 2001.
TS EN 1946-1, Thermal Performance of Building Products and Components- Specific Criteria for the Assessment of Laboratories Measuring Heat Transfer Properties Part1, Institute of Turkish Standards, Ankara, Turkey, 2000.
CB. Sisman, E. Gezer, Ä°. Kocaman. â€œEffects Of Organic Waste (Rice Husk) On The Concrete Properties For Farm Buildingsâ€ Bulgarian J. Agri. Sci., 17 (1): 40-48, 2011.
R.W. Steiger, M.K. Hurd, Lightweight insulating concrete for floors and roof decks, Conc. Const., 23: 411â€“422, 1978.
K. Lu-Shu, S. Man-Qing, S. Xing-Sheng, I. Yun-Xiu, â€œResearch on several physico-mechanical properties of lightweight aggregate concreteâ€, Int. J. Lig. Con., 2(4): 185â€“191, 1980.
F. Blanco, P. Garcia, P. Mateos, J. Ayala, â€œCharacteristics and properties of lightweight concrete manufactured with cenospheresâ€, Cem. Conc. Res., 30: 1715â€“1722, 2000.
H. Uysal, R. Demirboga, R. Sahin, R. Gul, â€œThe effects of different cement dosage and pumice aggregate ratios on the thermal conductivity and density of concreteâ€, Cem. Con. Res., 34: 845â€“848, 2004.
How to Cite
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.