Experiment Analysis an effect Ethanol/Gasoline Blend at Port Injection Gasoline Engine


  • Beny Cahyono
  • Taufik Fajar Nugroho
  • Rosli Abu Bakar


port injection gasoline engine, engine performance, ethanol/gasoline blend.


Currently fuel ethanol to be environmental friendly and easy to use. To determine the effect of gasoline/ethanol blend on the gasoline engine, in this research will be done used engine testing and simulation with computer software. Research done on several ethanol/gasoline blends, from gasoline, ethanol 10% and 20%. At low rpm, results from simulation same with experimental, but at high rpm results from simulation will be more high-14% compared with experimental results.
From the experiment unknown with the addition of 10% ethanol, power and fuel consumption is almost same with gasoline fuel, but when using ethanol 20% power will decrease 10% and fuel consumption increases.


Alasfour FN. NOx emission from a spark ignition engine using 30% iso-butanol–gasoline blend: Part 2— ignition timing. Appl Thermal Eng 1998;18(8):609–18.

Cherry, M. catalytic-compression timed ignition, US patent 5 109 817, December 18, 1990

F. Scha¨fer, R.v. Basshuysen, Reduced Emissions and Fuel Consumption in Automobile Engines, Springer-Verlag Wien and Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., Altenburg, 1995.

Hu¨seyin Serdar Yu¨cesu. Effect of ethanol–gasoline blends on engine performance and exhaust emissions in different compression ratios. Appl. Thermal engineering. 2006

J. W. Hodgson, et. Al., Improving the cold start performance of ethanol fueled engine using a rich combustor device,. SAE technical paper 981359, 1998.

L.M. Das, Y.V.R. Reddy, Evaluation of alternative fuels for internal combustion engine, in: First Trabzon International Energy and Environment Symposium, July 29–31, 1996, pp. 951–958

MohÕd Abu-Qudais. Engine performance using vaporizing carburetor. Energy conversion and management 2000

M. Bahattin Celik. Experimental determination of suitable ethanol–gasoline blend rate at high compression ratio for gasoline engine. Appl. Thermal engineering. 2007

N. D. Brinkman. Effect of compression ratio on exhaust emissions and performance of a methanol fueled single-cylinder engine. SAE paper 7707791.

Tolga Topgu¨l. The effects of ethanol–unleaded gasoline blends and ignition timing on engine performance and exhaust emissions. Renewable energy.2006

R.a. Amaral and J.R. Sodre. Influence of engine operational parameters on aldehyde emissions from an ethanol fueled vehicle. Proceedings of the brazilian congress on thermal science, porto alegre, RS, brazil. 2000.

Kim s, dale be. Environmental aspects of ethanol derived from non-tiled corn grain: nonrenewable energy consumption and greenhouse gas. Biomass bioenergy 2005;28:475-89.

DA. Caffrey PJ, rao v. envestigation into the vehicular exhaust emission of high percentage ethanol blades. SAE paper no. 950777.

Taylor AB, mocan DP, bell AJ, hodgson NG, myburgh IS, botha JJ. Gasoline/alcohol blends:exhaust emission, performance and burn-rate in multi-valve production engine, SAE paper no.961988,1996.

Stump F, Knapp K, Racy W. influence of ethanol blended fuels on the emissions from three pre-1995 light-duty passenger vehicles. J air waste manage assoc 1996;46:1149-61.




How to Cite

Cahyono, B., Nugroho, T. F., & Bakar, R. A. (2015). Experiment Analysis an effect Ethanol/Gasoline Blend at Port Injection Gasoline Engine. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences, 3(3). Retrieved from https://www.ajouronline.com/index.php/AJAS/article/view/2281