Arab Spring Revolutions throughout Modern Arabic Poetry


  • Khaled Igbaria Kaye Academic College for Education, Israel



Modern Arab poetry, Arab Spring (2010-2011), history and poetry.


One of the core dominant events, in the Middle East in 21th century, was Arab Spring revolutions in 2010-2011. These revolutions aimed to achieve democracy and get rid of the dictator regimes in the Arab countries. No doubt that Arab Spring had political social and economic reasonable and significant impacts. This paper will examine various reflections on the Arab revolutions of the Arab Spring (2010-2011) through modern Arab poetry, focusing on four selected poems as cases of study. In addition to the aimed historical reading, this paper attempts to analyse the selected poems focusing literary and poetic methods, as well as language and diction, comparing between them. For diversity, while all the selected poems are modern Arabic poetry, one of the selected poems is the neo-classic Arabic poetry of Ibrāhīm Obaydī, and the three others are free verse poetry from Ahmed Matar, Musʿab al-Mūrādī, and Ahmad Msāʿdih. Methodologically, this study is analytic, comparative and inductive, relying relevant poems of the selected four poets. This paper suggests not only that the Arab Spring played a significant historical role in the Middle East, leading to intensive civil and non-civil armed conflicts, but also, Modern Arab poetry contributes to historical documenting immortalizing the Arab Spring revolutions including their aims and motivations, as well as their social political and cultural impacts.


• Acemoglu, Daron and Suresh Naidu, and others (19, May, 2014). Democracy causes economic development?

• Ba‘albakī, Laylá (2009). The Disfigured God. Beirut.

• Baum, Matthew and David Lake (2003). The Political Economy of Growth: Democracy and Human Capital, American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 47, No. 2, pp. 333-347.

• Cook, Albert (1991). The Canon of Poetry and Wisdom of Poetry, The Journal of Aesthetics and Art criticism, 49:4, pp. 317-329.

• Cook, Albert (1993). Canon and Wisdoms, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

• Cook, Guy (2000). Language Play, Language Learning. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

• Doucouliagos, Hristos And Mehmet Ulubasogla (2008). Democracy and Economic Growth: A Meta-Analysis, American Journal of Politics Science, Vol. 52, No. 1, pp. 61-83.

• Einbinder, Susan (Fall 2004). Review Poetry and History Beautiful Death: Jewish Poetry and Martyrdom in Medieval France. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press. Prooftexts, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 386-400.

• Ewenstien, Paul (2012). The Arab Spring and the Revolutions of 1848

• Ghanem, Hafez (2016). The Arab Spring Five Years Later: Toward Great Inclusiveness, Brooking Institution Press.

• Gluzman, Michael (2012). Sovereignty and Melancholia: Israeli Poetry after 1948, Jewish Social Studies, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 164-179.

• Harel-Shalev, Ayelet and Shir Daphna-Tekoah (2016). Bringing Women's Voices Back In: Conducting Narrative Analysis In IR, International Studies Review, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 171-194.

• Henry, clement and Jang Ji-Hyang (editors) (2013). The Arab Spring: Will It Lead to Democratic Transitions, New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

• Igbaria, Khaled (2018). Homogeneity within Laylá Ba‘albakī’s short stories, People: International Journal of Social Sciences, 3(3), 1637-1656.

• Kellert, Stephen (2012). Birthright: People and Nature in the Modern World. New Haven, London: Yale University Press.

• Lake, David and Matthew Baum (2001). The Invisible Hand of Democracy: Political Control and the Provision of Public Services, Comparative Political Studies, Vol. 34, N. 6, pp. 587-621.

• Lanchovichina, Elena (2018). Eruptions of Popular Anger: The Economics of the Arab Spring and its Aftermath, Washington, DC: The World Bank.

• Makdisi, Samir (2017). Reflections on the Arab Uprising, In Giacomo Luciani (Editor) Combining Economic and Political Development: The Experience of MENA, Brill.

• Matar, Ahmed (2012). An al-thawrāt al-rabīʿ al-ʿarabī [On the Arab Revolutions]. Sout algnoub: (July 2018).

• Mayhem, Jonathan (2009). The Twilight of the Avant-Garde: Spanish Poetry 1980–2000, Liverpool University Press: Liverpool.

• Msāʿdih, Ahmad (2013). Qasīdat …Al-rabīʿ al-ʿarabī [The Poem on The Arab Spring]. Arab Times Blogs: (July 2018).

• al-Mūrādī, Musʿab (2012). Lā jadīd [Nothing New]. Nogoom Masrya: (July 2018).

• Obaydī, Ibrāhīm (2012). Surākh al-shaʿb [Shouting of the nation]. Nogoom Masrya: (July 2018).

• Rodrik, Dany (2003). Globalization, social Conflict and Economic Growth, The World Economy, Vol. 21, No.2, pp. 143-158.

• Salahuddin Mohd, Shamsuddin and Sara Hj. Ahmad (2017). Authenticity of classical Arabic and its relation to Aristotelian Logic (In the opinion of some orientalists and Arab scholars), World Journal of Education, Vol. 7, No. 4.

• Simon, G0erge (2015). Poetry and The Arab Spring, CUNY Academic Works.

• Singh, Subhash (2012). The Arab Spring: A Revolutionary Wave for Human Rights, Doctoral Research, School of International Studies, JUN, New Delhi, Samaj Vigyan Shodh Patrika, Vol. 1, No. XVIII, pp. 204-212.

• Tanenbaum, Adena (2002). Poetry and History Beautiful Death: Jewish Poetry and Martyrdom in Medieval France. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.

• Tete, Ashish and Dash, Kanta. Understanding the Arab Spring: Examining Civil Resistance Theory, School of International Studies, Ravenshaw University.




How to Cite

Igbaria, K. (2020). Arab Spring Revolutions throughout Modern Arabic Poetry. Asian Journal of Humanities and Social Studies, 8(4).