Evaluation of Knowledge and Impact on Fishery, Lifestyle and Business Running of People in Case of Oil Spill Problem in Rayong Province: Mixed Method Research
Keywords:Knowledge and Impact Evaluation, Oil Spill, Mixed Method Research
This study was a mixed method research comprised of three main objectives 1) to study and analyze the impact of oil spill on stakeholders, 2) to evaluate environmental impacts and protective approaches to oil spill and 3) to evaluate the impact on fishery, lifestyle, and business. The research sample was 993 residents from Phe, Rayong Province. 40 people were divided by purposive sampling method for qualitative studies while the other 953 participants were divided by stratified random sampling for quantitative studies. Instrument used for qualitativeÂ research was interview form about the impact of oil spill situation on residentsâ€™ lifestyle in Koh Samet, Rayong Province analyze by content analysisÂ and Instrument used for quantitative research were two types as following 1) questionnaire for public opinions survey applied in Ao Prao area, Koh Samet, Rayong Province and 2) a basic knowledge testing about environmental impacts, pollution, effect and protective approaches related toÂ oil spilling analyze by descriptive statistics Â consisted of percentage, mean and standard deviation.
The results were: 1) the impact of oil spill on the fishery was diminished, 2) The impact on life style mainly affected to service and trading to tourist. When the number of tourist reduced, it resulted in earning insufficient income to support their daily expense 3) the impact on tourism business related to decrease of tourists number, especially Thai visitors. When they know the situation of oil spill, they were hesitated to visit the island or changed their destinations alternatively. For the international tourists who already reserved accommodation prior to the incident, they still came to the island as planned, 4) the knowledge on oil spill and best practice, majority of people had knowledge about oil spill and practice properly to cope with the real situation, and 5) evaluate the impact and find the way to provide knowledge to residents because it still lacked of understanding and cooperation between responsible official agencies as well as some people suspected fairness of compensation scheme. The researcher has prepared â€œThe manual for residents, knowledge and basic guidelines when facing oil spillâ€ and 6) follow-up and surveillance need to focus on the mental state of the people who live on the island, business owner and relevant agencies including find the policies for supporting sustainable and progress tourism.
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