Socio-economic Characteristics of Consumers on the Intake of Animal Protein in Gombi Local Government Area, Adamawa State, Nigeria
Keywords:Determinants, Consumer socio-economic, Consumption, Animal protein, Gombi, Adamawa State, Nigeria
A survey on socio-economic characteristics influencing the consumption of animal protein in Gombi local government areas of Adamawa State was conducted in 2011. The objectives of the study were to describe the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents in the study area, determine the effects of socio-economic characteristics on animal protein consumption and to examine the income distribution of the respondents in the study area. Â A total of 105 respondents were selected using stratified random sampling technique. Structured questionnaires and interview scheduled were used in the collection of information from the respondents. Descriptive statistics, regression analysis and average propensity to consume were used in data analysis. Results revealed that majority (68%) of the respondents were male and 89% were married with a mean age of 42 years. Most of them (86.70%) had attended formal education. The respondents were mostly (43.86%) low income earner, earning less than â‚¦20,000 monthly. The per capital consumption of the households heads reveals that lower income earners spend much on animal protein than the high income earners as revealed by their average propensity to consumption (APC) of 0.30, 0,31 and 0.36 respectively to the income levels of less than 20,000, 20001-40,000 and 40001-60,000.The estimated coefficients from regression analysis revealed that the budget share allocation to animal protein consumption is positively influenced by age, expenditure on other foods, approximate monthly income and education. The co-efficient of determination (R2)of 0.53 reveals that 53% variation in animal protein is accounted for by these variables. It is recommended that corporate bodies and individual should be encouraged to establish family livestock and fish pond for reduced expenditure on animal protein.
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