Smallholder Tomato Production in Mwanza Region- A Technical Efficiency Analysis Approach.
Smallholder Tomato Production in Mwanza Region- A Technical Efficiency
Keywords:Stochastic frontier analysis, tomato, Cobb-Douglas production function, technical efficiency, Mwanza.
This study measured technical efficiency and its determinants in maize production by small-scale producers in Mwanza region, using a stochastic frontier production function approach. A randomly selected sample of participants in the two districts was used. The Maximum Likelihood estimation procedure was followed to obtain the determinants of technical efficiency and technical efficiency levels of small-scale tomato producers. The minimum and maximum values of technical efficiency were between 20% and 91%, indicating that the least practices of specific producer operates at a minimum level of 20%, while the best practice producers operate at 91% technical efficiency level respectively. The summary results of the mean technical efficiency was 57%. The results indicate that farmers were not fully technically efficient with a mean technical efficiency score of 0.58. The study also revealed that most of the farmers irrespective of the size of the holdings have shown technical inefficiency problems. Experienced farmers were observed to have good measures of technical efficiency. The findings also indicated that significant variables of technical efficiency included household size, labour, fertilizer, seed, educational level, household size, farming experience, and access to extension services were statistically significant by positively impacted on producers’ technical efficiency in the study area.
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