Insurgency in East and Central Africa: Trends and Inter-Connectivity
Keywords:insurgency ecology, cultural cum territorial homogeneity, external provisioning, net-working and complicity
Plethora of literatures abound on insurgencies that swept away many regimes in East and Central Africa, but not without protracted internecine civil wars, some stretching from 1980s to 2000s. The typologies, propitious triggers, including the economic, social and political paraplegia it inflicted on the States under insurgency attacks have been widely published. The loss in population is equally disheartening. This paper differs from previous works in that it seeks instead, to capture the parallelism through the parallax of interconnectivities cutting across insurgency groups and regimes under insurgency jaws (regardless of type, demand, objective and country).
These interconnectivities, albeit multi-faceted and convoluted, when properly grasped, this paper further argues, will advance our existing state of knowledge on the reasons behind the boldness and success of warlords using insurgency route to power. The paper argues that there are labyrinths of interwoven connectedness in the study of insurgency in East and Central Africa. These inter-related dynamics , Â if adequately understood Â will be instructive to governments in preventing future rise of insurgency for the much desired peace, necessary for sustenance of development.
â€¢ Anaele, C â€œState, Conflict and Violence in Contemporary Post Colonial States of Africaâ€ in Journal of Social Science, Salem University, Lokoja: Vol.1, No 1, 2012 pp 156 â€“ 160
â€¢ Asiwaju, A â€œMigration and Revolt: The Example of Ivory Coast and the Upper Volta before 1945â€ in Journal of African History 17(4), (1976) pp 577 â€“ 5943 Block, R (1994) â€œThe Tragedy in Rwandaâ€ The New York Review, 3 â€“ 8.
â€¢ Block, R â€œThe Tragedy in Rwandaâ€ The New York Review, 1994, 3 â€“ 8.
â€¢ Chege, M â€œBetween Africaâ€™s Extremesâ€ Journal of Democracy 1995, 6: 44 â€“ 51
â€¢ 5Ihonvbere, J â€œTheâ€Irrelevantâ€ State, Ethnicity and the Quest for Nationhood in Africaâ€ in Ethnic and Racial Studies 17(1) 1994, pp 42 â€“ 60
â€¢ Kaplan, R â€œThe Coming Anarchyâ€, Atlantic Monthly, 273 (2) 1994, pp 44 â€“ 76
â€¢ Munro, W â€œPower, Peasants and Political Development: Reconsiderating State Construction in Africaâ€ Comparative Studies in Society and History 38,1, 1996, pp 112 â€“ 138
â€¢ Zolberg, A â€œThe Specter of Anarchy: African States Verging on Disslotionâ€Dissent 39:3 ,1964,303 â€“ 8
â€¢ Adekanye, B Linking Conflict Diagnosis, Conflict Prevention, and Conflict Management in Africa: Selected Essays Lagos:Ababa Press, 2007
â€¢ Brass, P Ethnicity and Nationalism: Theory and Comparison. London: Sage Publications.1991
â€¢ Crawford, Y The Politics of Ethnic Pluralism, Madison: University of Winscosin Press,1976
â€¢ Egwu, S â€œBeyondâ€ Revival of Old Hatredsâ€: The State and Conflict in Africaâ€ in Gaya Best, G (ed) Introduction to Peace and Conflict Studies in West Africa, Ibadan: Spectrum Books, 2006 pp 406 â€“ 437
â€¢ Horowitz, D Ethnic Groups in Conflict, Berkeley & Los Angeles: University of Califonia Press, 1985
â€¢ Hyden, G â€œReciprocity and Governance in Africaâ€. In The Failure of the Centralised State and Self-Governance in Africa, Wunch J and Olowu, D (eds.) Boulder: Westview.1990 pp 245 â€“ 269
â€¢ Ngoga, P â€œUganda: The National Resistanve Armyâ€ in African Guerrilla Clapman, C(ed) Kampala: Fountain Publishers, 1998 pp 91 â€“ 106
â€¢ Nnoli, O Ethnic Politics in Africa, Ibadan: Vintage Publishers, 1989
â€¢ Vansina, J Paths in the Rainforest: Toward a History of Political Tradition in Equatorial Africa. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1990
â€¢ Zartman, I (ed) Collapsed States: the Disintegration and Restoration of Legitimate Authority, Boulder: Rienner Lienner
â€¢ Zartman W â€œIntroduction: Posing the Problem of State Collapseâ€ Collapsed States: The Disintergation and Restoration of Legtimate Authority, ed. Zartman, W. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1995 pp 1 â€“ 11.
How to Cite
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.