Relationship of Subjective Well-being of Citizens and Local Government Policy in Akita, Japan
Keywords:Well-being, Life satisfaction, Government policy, Structural Equation Model
This paper presents a framework and an empirical analysis for â€œCitizens Awareness Surveyâ€œ of 2,126 citizens over twenty-year old, conducted by Akita local government to understand the feelings and needs of the citizens against the prefectural policy. The results of the research model using Structural Equation Model (SEM) imply that Akita local governmentâ€™s policies in "Health and medical services," â€œPromotion of agriculture, forestry and fisheries,â€ and "Employment and child care support" are related to their citizensâ€™ life satisfaction in some extent, while â€œPromotion of commerce and industryâ€ and â€œVolunteer activitiesâ€ are not.
â€¢ Bentler, P.M. (1990). Comparative ï¬t indexes in structural models, Psychological Bulletin, , 238â€“246.
â€¢ Browne, M W. & Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit, Sociological Methods and Research.21, 230â€“239.
â€¢ Byrne, B.M. (2010). Structural equation modeling using AMOS. Basic concepts, applications, and programming 2nd Ed,â€ New York: Routledge.
â€¢ Cabinet Office (2011), Measuring National Well-Being â€“Proposed Well-being Indicators-, December 5. http://www5.cao.go.jp/keizai2/ koufukudo/pdf/koufukudosian_english.pdf. Retrieved on September 5, 2016.
â€¢ Citizens Awareness Survey, Akita Prefectural Government, (in Japanese) http://www.pref.akita.lg.jp/www/genre/0000000000000/1139382217159/index.html, Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
â€¢ Diener, E. (1984). Subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 95(3), 542-575.
â€¢ Diener, E. & Diener, M. (1995). Cross-cultural correlates of life satisfaction and self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68(4), 653-663.
â€¢ Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. L. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125(2), 276-302.
â€¢ Fox, J. (2012). The economics of well-being: have we found a better gauge of success than GDP?â€ Harvard Business Review 90 (1/2): 79â€“83.
â€¢ Inglehart, R. (2004). Subjective well-being rankings of 82 societies (based on combined Happiness and Life Satisfaction scores). Retrieved from http://margaux. grandvinum.se/SebTest/wvs/SebTest/wvs/articles/folder_published/publication_488/files/5_wellbeingrankings.doc. Main Link: http://www.worldvalues survey.org/ Retrieved on September 5, 2016.
â€¢ Japan for Sustainability (2013). Creating well-being indicators of Japan, by Japan, for Japan, JFS Newsletter, No.126.
â€¢ Kyodo News (2010). Number of children in Japan falls to record low for 29th year in row. The Japan Times. May 4, 2010. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
â€¢ Morrison, M., Tay, L., Diener, E. (2011). Subjective well-being and national satisfaction: Findings from a worldwide survey. Psychological Science, 22, 166-171.
â€¢ Standish, M. & Witters, D. (2014). Country well-being varies greatly worldwide. Gallup. September 16. http://www.gallup.com/poll/175694/country-varies-greatly-worldwide. aspx. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
â€¢ Statistical Bureau (2014). Current population estimates as of October 1, 2014. Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications.
How to Cite
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.