Psycho-Social and Health Problems of Hostage-Taking among the Residents of Bayelsa State, Nigeria
Keywords:Health status, psycho-social condition, militant, Hostage-taking, Niger Delta
The study examined the specific experiences, the feelings, the coping strategies of the residents of hostage- taking areas and determined the roles of government and non-governmental organizations in finding a lasting solution to hostage-taking with a view to understanding the challenges they faced as well as assisting practicing nurses and social workers to understand special care and social support needs of the sub group. The study adopted descriptive exploratory approach. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected from 1600 (male and female) residents. Two hundred persons were randomly selected from each of the eight local government headquarters in Bayelsa state and they were interviewed. An interview guide was used and the interview schedule was tested for validity and reliability using the test and retest method. Data from the study were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical method along with content analysis of the in-depth interviews. The results indicated medical complaints of pains, malnutrition, malaria, injuries, cholera, HIV/AIDS as a result of rape and displacement as well as social constraints such as poverty, homelessness, neglect, fear, hostility, assaults from military and militants and financial constraints. It was found that the grievance that arose from many
years of neglect and social decay was responsible for massive unemployment and restiveness among the youth in the region. Highly educated residents reported better health, and they were more knowledgeable about problems that are associated with hostage taking than less educated residents. Added to that, it was revealed that resident's health status is strongly related to their level of income, level of psycho - social support and accessibility to nursing care. Furthermore, it was revealed that as the residents get older, their health gets deteriorated and their psycho â€“ social supports get reduced and worsens.
It is therefore recommended that youth should be engaged in activities that will fetch them money and discourage them from involving in hostage taking.
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