Lenition and Fortition in Shul Dialect
Keywords:Shul dialect, lenition, fortition, compensatory lengthening, deletion
This study deals with lenition and fortition processes according to the theoretical framework of generative phonology to answer the cited questions: how do the data support the application of lenition and fortition processes in shul dialect? In which contexts do lenition and fortition processes apply in shul? Finally, what are the most frequent lenition and fortition processes in this dialect?
Shul is a village located in the northeast from Genave County in Bushehr province. Data were collected by interviewing 3 male and 2 female speakers aged between 20 and 60. The corpus primarily contains free conversation and life stories. This dialect is similar to Luri dialect.
Surveying phonological processes in this dialect shows that lenition and especially deletion are more active than the other processes due to ease of articulation principle. The data show that the lenition processes tend to occur in postvocalic, intervocalic and the final position has the highest frequency for lenition processes to occur. Also the fortition processes tend to occur in inter-consonantal, pre-consonantal positions and morpheme, word and syllable initial positions. These results support Kenstowicz Ò†s idea that mentions: â€˜final position in the word is the typical position for lenitionâ€.
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