Groundwater Evaluation and Management in Ain Sukhna, Egypt

Authors

  • Alaa Nabil El-Hazek
  • Neveen B. Abdelmageed
  • Hatem M. Mekhemer
  • Dalia H. Amin

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24203/ajet.v8i1.6063

Abstract

Ain Sukhna has become one of the most important economic areas in Egypt recently. As a result of this economic development, the demand for water has increased, with special emphasis on groundwater. Therefore, in this paper, several scenarios are assessed in order to reach the best scenario for groundwater management giving the opportunity to achieve the development needs of that region.Groundwater Modeling System (GMS) software is used to construct the solid model forsimulating the geometry of the aquifer layers. Then, a conceptual model is developed and calibrated in steady state case. The calibration results are satisfactory showing a good agreement between the calculated and observed heads. Finally, four scenarios are simulated with different pumping possibilities ranging from -25% to + 50% of the current pumping rates. The results show that it will be better if the current pumping rate is reduced by 25% which can make the drawdown values less than the other possibilities. It is also shown that the best recommended places to drill more wells can be in the east and south directions where the least drawdown values are found.

References

Abdallah A. (2007).''Monitoring Environmental Changes in El-Ain El-Sokhna Area, Gulf of Suez, Egypt''. Nine conference for geographical and GIS Department, Faculty of Arts, Alexandria University.

Shata A. (1955). ''Some remarks on the distribution of the Carboniferous Formations in Egypt'', Bulletin de l’Institut du D´esertd’Egypte, Vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 241–247.

Kostandy A. B. (1959). “Facies maps for the study of the Paleozoic and Mesozoic sedimentary basins of the Egyptian regionâ€. Proceedings of the 1st Arab Petroleum Congress, pp. 54–62, Cairo, Egypt.

Said R. (1962). ''The Geology of Egypt'', A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Said R. (1990). ''The Geology of Egypt'', A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

United Nation (UN) (1979). ''Structure plan for Suez Governorate'', Draft final report, V.II, groundwater resources investigations, Nor-consult A. S. and MECO.

Cement Suez Company (1981). ''Groundwater hydrology of wadi Badaa quantitative analysis, development and plan of operation for the supply of water requirements to the Suez Cement Company'', Internal Report.

Arabian Geophysics (1987). ''Drilling and well logging for the productive wells to for the Suez Cement Company'', Internal Report.

Mostafa A. S. (1993). ''Geophysical studies on the area of northwest of Suez'', M. Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Helal A. M. A., El Sayed A. A., Mousa S. A. and El-Meliegy H. (1995).“Seismic facies analysis of Mesozoic rocks of the Cairo-Suez Districtâ€. Proceedings of the 13th Annual Meeting of the Egyptian Geophysical Society, pp. 59–80, Cairo, Egypt.

AbdAllatief A. T., Galal G. H. and Youssef A. M. A. (1997). “Structural and lithological impacts on the groundwater occurrences along wadi El Naqra-wadi Badaa area, (a case study)â€. Proceedings of the 15th Annual Meeting of the Egyptian Geophysical Society, pp. 107–124, Egyptian Geophysical Society.

AboulEla A. M. (2001). “Seismic response analysis of the foundation rocks of El-Ain Ei-Sukhana area Gulf of Suez Egypt as determined from seismic refraction techniqueâ€. Geological Survey of Egypt, Vol. 24, pp. 555–565.

El Houseiny M. (2002). ''Geophysical studies on the water bearing formations in Ain El-Sukhana area'', M.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Nasr I. M. (2004). ''Geophysical exploration for groundwater aquifers in Wadi Ghawaiba area, West Gulf of Suez'', Journal of Faculty of Educational, no. 29, pp. 131–145.

El Osta M. M., El Sheikh A. El. and Barseem M. S. (2010). ''Comparative Hydrological and Geoelectrical Study on the Quaternary Aquifer in the Deltas of Wadi Badaa and Ghweiba, El Ain El Sukhna Area, Northwest Suez Gulf, Egypt''. International Journal of Geophysics, Volume 2010, Article ID 585243, 15 pages.

Othman A. A., Abd El-Hafez Th. H., Youssef M. A. and Sabra M. E. (2013)."Shallow Geophysical Techniques for Groundwater Aquifer Exploration, Ain Alsokhona Area, West Gulf of Suez, Egypt", Researcher Science Journal 2013; 5(6): 30-41 (ISSN: 1553-9865).

Sultan S. A., Mohamed A. M. and Santos F. M. (2016). ''Geophysical Investigation in the Northwestern Part of the Gulf of Suez, Egypt'', Egyptian Journal of Petroleum (2017) 26, 457–475.

Khalaf S. and Abdalla M. G. (2014). ''Groundwater Modeling of Multi-Aquifer Systems Using GMS'', Hydrology Current Research, Volume 6, Issue 1, 1000184.

Eltarabily M. G., Negm A. M., Yoshimura C. and Takemura J. (2017). ''Groundwater Modeling in Agricultural Watershed under Different Recharge and Discharge Scenarios for Quaternary Aquifer Eastern Nile Delta, Egypt'', Environmental Modeling & Assessment. doi:10.1007/s10666-017-9577-z.

Bear J. (1979). "Hydraulics of Groundwater". McGraw-Hill, New York.

Rausch R. (2010). ''Groundwater Modelling: An introduction to groundwater flow and solute transport modelling with applications'', Technische Universitat Darmstadt.

Anderson M. and Woessner W. (1992).''Applied groundwater modeling. Simulation of Flow and Advective Transport''. San Diego, California: Academic Press Inc.

Reilly T. (2001). ''System and Boundary conceptualization in ground-water flow simulation. Techniques of water resources investigations of the U.S. Geological Survey''. Book 3, Applications of Hydraulics. Chapter B8. Department of Interior. U.S. Geological Survey.

Water Resources Research Institute (WRRI) (2013). ''Technical Reports of Upper, Middle and Lower Wells in Wadi Bada – Ain Sukhna – Egypt'', Internal Report.

NRCS (2009)b. Part 630, Hydrology National Engineering Handbook, Chapter 7: Hydrologic Soil Groups.

Cronshey R. (1986). ''Urban Hydrology for Small Watersheds''. US Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service, Engineering Division.

Gomaa M. A., Mohallel S. A. and Elsheikh A. E. (2016). ''Estimation of Recharge Quantity of the Fractured Basement Aquifer in the Southern Portion of Eastern Desert, Egypt; Critical Importance of the Hydrological and Chemical Criteria.'' Middle East Journal of Applied Sciences, 6, 759-773.

Aquaveo (2018). MODFLOW – Automated Parameter Estimation. GMS 10.4 Tutorial.

Downloads

Published

2020-03-04

How to Cite

El-Hazek, A. N., Abdelmageed, N. B., Mekhemer, H. M., & Amin, D. H. (2020). Groundwater Evaluation and Management in Ain Sukhna, Egypt. Asian Journal of Engineering and Technology, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.24203/ajet.v8i1.6063