Is There a Change? Distance Education Studies in COVID-19 Pandemic
Keywords:covid-19, distance learning, research trends, systematic review, content analysis
With the Coronavirus epidemic in China at the end of 2019 and in the rest of the World in the first quarter of 2020, all educational institutions started to give distance education partially or completely. Institutions were not ready for such a process, and they failed to the necessary preparations. That's why these applications are called emergency distance education. As a result, for the evaluation of distance education practices during the pandemic period, a number of studies have been published and continue to be conducted. Evaluation of these publications with content analysis will be very important in analyzing this period in the future. In this respect, the purpose of this study was to perform the content analysis of the articles related to distance education practices in the pandemic period. As a result of the search done using the Scopus database, a total of 180 articles were examined within the scope of the present study. The articles were examined in terms of country, number of times of citation, keywords, participants, data collection tools, variables / research interests, research designs and methods. Consequently, it was seen that the publications were mostly done in the USA; Opinion, Reflection and Review studies were conducted and cited most; that mostly the keywords of learning, online, education and covid-19 were used; that the participants were mostly undergraduate students; that the most frequent data collection tool was questionnaire; and that the most frequent dependent variables were engagement, readiness, perception and self-efficacy. The findings obtained were discussed in line with the related literature, and various suggestions were put forward.
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