Effects of Using Crossword Puzzles on Improving Spelling Among Intermediate EFL Learners


  • Bahareh Amiri English Department, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University Najafabad
  • Hadi Salehi English Department, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University Najafabad


Game, Crossword puzzles, Spelling, Intermediate EFL learner


This study aimed at investigating the effects of using crossword puzzles on improving spelling among Iranian intermediate EFL learners. To determine the effects of crossword puzzles on improving spelling, 32 Iranian intermediate EFL learners were randomly selected. The data collection instruments and materials were a questionnaire for checking the participants’ perceptions of using crossword puzzles for improving spelling, a spelling test administered as pretest and posttest prior to and after the treatment, and some suitable crossword puzzles designed by a software program named Crossword Forge (Version 5.3). The results revealed that using crossword puzzles did improve the EFL learners’ spelling skills, and the analysis of the learners’ responses to the questionnaire indicated that they had positive attitudes toward using crossword puzzles. Moreover, female learners in the experimental group benefited more than their male counterparts from the treatment to enhance their spelling.


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How to Cite

Amiri, B., & Salehi, H. (2017). Effects of Using Crossword Puzzles on Improving Spelling Among Intermediate EFL Learners. Asian Journal of Education and E-Learning, 5(5). Retrieved from https://www.ajouronline.com/index.php/AJEEL/article/view/5040