Design and Development of Physics Remotely Controlled Teaching Laboratory (RCL): The Case of Light Attenuation Passing through Transparent Materials Experiment

G. Mitsou, D. Vavougios, J. Sianoudis, G. S. Ioannidis

Abstract


Understanding the basic concepts of physics and the development of skills that will enable students to realize the natural processes, as well as becoming familiar with the measuring devices, requires experimental laboratories as a real learning environment. Over time, two main types of experimental laboratories have been incorporated into the strategy of teaching Physics: the hands-on and the simulation laboratory. In recent years, especially with the proliferation and development of web-based technologies, the remote-access laboratory has appeared as option, which requires less space, less time, and less financial resources, as experimental setups are automated and experiments are performed online. In this study, a method is presented, for operating a remote, first year undergraduate Physics teaching Laboratory, using web-interface techniques that enable students to fully control the whole experimentation process. This technology, which is based on a server–client approach, allows the implementation of physics experiments via Internet without requiring expensive equipment or software. In addition, a physics experiment in Optics is also described, already available as a sample application, according to which the optical attenuation of light is studied as it goes through optically transparent materials; it can also be carried out by the students via Internet in real time. Students, by the use of an interface, which is a dynamic webpage, can alter parameters and make quantitative measurements, which can then be analyzed. In conclusion, the qualitative characteristics of the educational results achieved and the experience of the operation of a remote experiment are given.


Keywords


Remotely Controlled Laboratories, RCL, Physics teaching Labs, Online Education, ICT

Full Text:

PDF

References


Committee on How People Learn, A Targeted Report for Teachers, How Students Learn: Science in the classroom. National Research Council, Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2005.

Honey, M. A., & Hilton, M., “Learning science through computer games and simulations”, Washington DC: National Academies Press, 2011.

Ma, J., & Nickerson, J. V., “Hands-on, simulated, and remote laboratories: A comparative literature review”, ACM Computing Surveys (CSUR), 38(3), 1–24, 2006. doi:10.1145/1132960.1132961

Corter, J. E., Nickerson, J. V., Esche, S. K., Chassapis, C., Im, S., and Ma, J., “Constructing reality: A study of remote, hands-on, and simulated laboratories”. ACM Trans. Comput.-Hum. Interact. 14, 2, Article 7, 27 pages August 2007, doi: 10.1145/1275511.1275513 http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1275511.1275513

Nedic, Z., Machotka, J., & Nafalski, A., “Remote laboratories versus virtual and real laboratories”, Proceedings of the 33rd ASEE/IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference, (vol. 1, pp. T3E-1–T3E-6). San Diego, CA, 2003.

Aburdene, M.F., Mastascusa, E.J. and Massengale, R. (1991). A proposal for a remotely shared control systems laboratory. In Proceedings of the Frontiers in Education 21st Annual Conference. West Lafayette, pp.589–592, 1991.

Megan Sautera, David H. Uttalb, David N. Rappc, Michael Downinga and Kemi Jonad, “Getting real: the authenticity of remote labs and simulations for science learning”, Distance Education. Vol. 34, No. 1, 37–47, (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01587919.2013.770431

Lindsay, E. D., & Good, M. C., “Effects of laboratory access modes upon learning outcomes”, IEEE Transactions on Education, 48, 619–631, (2005). doi:10.1109/TE.2005.852591

J. V. Nickerson, J. E. Corter, S. K. Esche, C. Chassapis, “A model for evaluating the effectiveness of remote engineering laboratories and simulations in education”, Computers & Education 49, pp.708–725, 2007.

LaMeres J. Brock & Plumb C., “A Comparison of Hands-On versus Remote Laboratory Experience for Introductory Microprocessors Courses”, American Society for Engineering Education, 2011. http://www.coe.montana.edu/ee/lameres/vitae/publications/d_conference_full/conf_full_022_hands_on_vs_remote_learning.pdf

Corter, J. E., Nickerson, J. V., Esche, S. K., Chassapis C., “Remote versus hands-on labs: a comparative study”, 34th ASEE/IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference. F1G - 17-21 Vol. 2, 2004.

Tzafestas C.S., Palaiologou N., Alifragis M., “Virtual and Remote Robotic Laboratory: Comparative Experimental Evaluation”, IEEE Transactions on Education, vol. 49, Issue 3, pp. 360-369, 2006.

Sokoloff, D.R., Laws, P.W., & Thornton, R.K., “RealTime Physics: active learning labs transforming the introductory laboratory”, European Journal of Physics 28, S83-S94, 2007.

Reagan, A.M., “Online Introductory Physics Labs: Status and Methods”, Washington Academy of Sciences, 2012. http://www.washacadsci.org/Journal/Journalarticles/V.98-1-online_physics_labs_aReagan.pdf

M. Cooper , “Remote laboratories in teaching and learning – issues impinging on widespread adoption in science and engineering education”, International Journal of Online Engineering,Vol. 1, No. 1, 2005.

Gröber, S., Vetter, M., Eckert, B., & Jodl, H.J., “Experimenting from a Distance – Remotely Controlled Laboratory (RCL)”, European Journal of Physics 28, S127-S142, 2007.

F. Schauer, M. Ožvoldová, F. Lustig, “Real remote physics experiments across Internet – inherent part of Integrated e-Learning”, International Journal of Online Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 2, 2008.

Enloe, C.L., Pakula, W.A., Finney, G.A., Haaland, R.K., “Teleoperation in the Undergraduate Physics Laboratory-Teaching an Old Dog New Tricks”, IEEE Transactions on Education, vol. 42, Issue 3, pp. 174-179, 1999.

M. Cooper, “Remote laboratories in teaching and learning – issues impinging on widespread adoption in science and engineering education”, International Journal of Online Engineering,Vol. 1, No. 1, 2005.

E. Scanlon, C. Colwell, M. Cooper, T. Di Paolo, “Remote experiments, re-versioning and re-thinking science learning”, Computers & Education 43, pp.153–163, 2004.

Colwell, C., Scanlon, E., & Cooper, M., “Using remote laboratories to extend access to science and engineering”, Computers and Education, 38, pp.65–76, 2002.

S. Gröber, et al., “Student undergraduate laboratory and project work”, European Journal of Physics, Vol. 28, No. 3, 2007.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)