Working Parentsâ€™ Transition to Elementary Schools in Japan
Keywords:â€œThe First Grade Barrierâ€, parental involvement, working parents in Japan, male-breadwinner model
Recently in Japan, â€œThe First Grade Barrierâ€ phenomenon as the qualitative and quantitative shortage of out-of-school-hour care has become a big problem to working parents with children entering elementary schools. However, there is a possibility that working parents in Japan face barriers not only in reconciliation between their jobs and childcare, but also in relationships with schools or PTAs on their childrenâ€™s entering schools. In this paper, the details of the gaps which working parents of first graders face in the transition from day-care centers to elementary schools were examined through an analysis of interview data of 25 parents. The problem shows a part of the discrepancy between the Japanese system of education and social welfare assuming male-breadwinner model and the changing lifestyles of Japanese families.
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