Analysis of Economic Growth and Distribution of Revenues in Districts/Cities in Southeast Sulawesi Province

Laode Muhammad Alisaid, Usman Rianse, Manat Rahim, F. Baheri

Abstract


This study aims to determine the effect of economic growth, infrastructure, investment, fiscal and labor on income distribution in the regencies/cities in Southeast Sulawesi province. This research uses both descriptive qualitative and quantitative analysis. The former is used to describe phenomena related to the problems studied, and the latter to analyze quantitative information, namely the regression model estimation using data panel. To analyze collected data, the study uses an econometric model, which is defined as a quantitative analysis of actual economic phenomena based on concurrent development of theory and observation, connected with an appropriate method of inference. Econometrics is a mixture of economics theory, mathematical economics, economic statistics, and mathematical statistics. The study investigates economic growth and revenue distribution in 12 regencies/cities in Southeast Sulawesi Province, which included 10 (ten) districts namely Buton, Muna, Konawe, South Konawe Selatan, North Konawe, Bombana, Wakatobi, North Buton, and North Kolaka, and 2 (two) cities including Kendari City and BauBau City, for a period of 6 (six) months. Variables under investigation include two dependent variables, i.e., economic growth (Y1) and income distribution inequality (Y2), and four independent variables namely Infrastructure (IF), Investment (K), Fiscal (F), and Manpower (L). To analyze data, the Fixed Effect panel data regression model is used. Results of the research show that road infrastructure construction, investment, fiscal decentralization and labor has a negatively significant impact on unequal distribution of income, in that road infrastructure, investment, fiscal and labor decentralization can reduce inequality of income distribution. In contrast, the impact of economic growth on the inequality of income distribution is positively significant in that economic growth can increase the inequality of income distribution. These findings do not correspond with Neo Classic theory and Kuznet's Theory which postulate that while inequality of income distribution tends to widen in the early stages of development, it decreases as the development process goes. However, they support Neo Marxist theory which states that economic growth will always widen the gap or inequality between the rich and the poor due to the accumulation of capital and technological progress which tends to increase the concentration of control of resources and capital by the capital rulers of the "elite" society, leaving non-capital owners to remain in poverty. The regencies/cities in Southeast Sulawesi province have their own work agenda that is not connected to each other. This is especially the case with cities which become growth center such as Kendari, BauBau, and Kolaka regencies that are proved to have less impact on other underdeveloped regions. These particular findings confirm Myrdal's theory which argues that backwash effects are more dominant than spread effects, as well as Hirschman's theory which points out that polarization effect is more dominant than trickling down effect. We believe this is because natural resources potentials owned by the cities/regencies in Southeast Sulawesi Province have not been fully utilized and are only partially exploited without integrating them with the resources of other regions.


Keywords


Economic growth, income distribution, infrastructure, investment, fiscal, labor and panel data regression

Full Text:

PDF

References


Achmad, Rozany Nurmanah. 1999. Kesejangan Pengeluaran Pembangunan Antar Wilayah dan Propinsi di Indonesia. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Keuangan Indonesia. Volume XLVII, Nomor 4.

Arsyad Lincolin. 2000. Ekonomi Pembangunan. Yogyakarta: STIE YKPN

Arsyad Lincolin. 2010. Ekonomi Pembangunan Edisi 5. Yogyakarta, STIM YKPN.

Amirudin, Ardani. 1992. Analysis of Regional Growth and Disparity the Impact Analysis of the INPRES Project on Indonesia Development, a Doctor dissertation. USA: University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia.

Ardito Bhinadi. 2003. Disparitas Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Jawa dengan Luar Jawa. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Kajian Ekonomi Negara Berkembang

Apriesa, Lintantia Fajar & Miyasti. 2013. Pengaruh Desentralisasi Fiskal terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Daerah dan Ketimpangan Pendapatan (Studi Kasus: Kabupaten/Kota Jawa Tengah). Diponegoro Journal of Economics Volume 2, Nomor 1, Tahun 2013.

A.A.N.B. Dwirandra. 2013. Pengaruh Desentralisasi Fiskal pada Pertumbuhan Ekonomi dengan Keserasian Belanja Daerah sebagai variabel pemoderasi. Jurnal Ilmiah Akuntansi dan Bisnis, Vol. 66 8 No. 2

Abdul Maqin. 2011. Pengaruh Kondisi Infrastruktur terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi di Jawa Barat. Trikonomika Volume 10, No. 1

Adrian Sutawijaya, Zulfahmi. 2010. Pengaruh Ekspor dan Investasi terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Indonesia tahun 1980-2006. Jurnal Organisasi dan Manajemen, Volume 6, Nomor 1.

Baltagi, B H. 2005. Econometric analysis of panel data. 3rd Ed. West Sussex: John Wiley and Sons Ltd.

Barro, Robert J. 1999. Inequality, Growth and Investment, National Bureau of Economic Research. Working Paper No. 73038, JEL No. 0413. Availabel http://www.nbr.org/paper/w708.

Boediono. 1985. Teori Pertumbuhan Ekonomi. Yogyakarta: BPFE-UGM

Bonet, Jaime. 2006. Fiscal Decentralization and Regional Income Disparities: Envidence from the Colombian Experience. Original version.

Calderón, C dan L. Servén. 2004. Trends in infrastructure in Latin America. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3401.

Calderón, C. 2006. The Effects of Infrastructure Development on Growth and Income Distribution. Working Paper n. 3400

Chairul Nizar, Abubakar Hamzah dan Sofyan Syahnur. 2013. Pengaruh Investasi dan Tenaga Kerja terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Serta Hubungannya Terhadap Tingkat Kemiskinan di Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Syiah Kuala ISSN 2302-0172

Demurger, Sylvie. 2000. Infrastructure Development and Economic Growth: An Explanation for Regional Disparities in China. Jurnal of Comparative Economics.29.95-117.

Dumairy. 1999. Perekonomian Indonesia Yogyakarta: Bagian Penerbitan Erlangga.

Ebel, Robert D dan Seidar Yilmaz. 2002. Concept of Fiscal Decentralizationand World Wide Overview. World Bank Institute. Available:http://www.worldbank.org

Eunike Elisabeth Bawuno, Josep Bintang Kalangi dan Jacline I. Sumual. 2015. Pengaruh Investasi Pemerintah dan Tenaga Kerja terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi di Kota Manado. Jurnal Berkala Ilmiah Efisiensi Volume 15 No. 04.

Efrizal Hasan, Syamsul Amar dan Ali Anis. 2012. Pengaruh Investasi, Angkatan Kerja dan Pengeluaran Pemerintah terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi di Provinsi Sumatera Barat

Freddy Situngkir, Sirojuzilam, Erlina dan Agus Suriadi. 2014. Pengaruh Desentralisasi Fiskal terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi di Provinsi Sumatera Utara Jurnal Ekonom, Vol 17, No 3.

Gujarati, Damodar. 2003. Basic Econometric (Fourth edition). USA, Mc Graw-Hill Internatonal.

Hendra, Esmara. 1995. Regional Income Disparities. Bulletin of Indonesia Economic Studies. Vol.XI No. 1.

Harry Kurniadi Atmaja, Kasyful Mahalli. 2015. Pengaruh Peningkatan Infrastruktur terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi di Kota Sibolga. Jurnal Ekonomi Vol. 3 No. 4.

Hadi Sasana. 2009. Peran Desentralisasi Fiskal terhadap Kinerja Ekonomi di Kabupaten/Kota Provinsi Jawa Tengah Kinerja Ekonomi Desentralisasi Fiskal. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Vol. 10, No.1.

Irawan dan M. Suparmoko. 1987. Ekonomi Pembangunan. Yogyakarta: Liberty.

Jhingan ML, 2012. Ekonomi Pembangunan dan Perencanaan Jakarta: Rajawali Pers

Jamzani Sodik. 2007. Pengeluaran Pemerintah dan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Regional (Studi Kasus Data Panel di Indonesia). Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, Kajian Ekonomi Negara Berkembang

Kodoatie, R.J. 2003. Manajemen dan Rekayasa Infrastruktur. Pustaka Pelajar, Yogyakarta.

Ketut Wahyu Dhyatmika, Hastarini Dwi Atmanti. 2013. Analisis Ketimpangan Pembangunan Provinsi Banten Pasca Pemekaran. Diponegoro Journal of Economics

Kuncoro, Mudrajad. 2006. Ekonomika Pembangunan Teori, Masalah dan Kebijakan. Yogyakarta: UPP STIM YKPN

Kanetasya Sabilla, Wihana Kirana Jaya. 2014. Pengaruh Desentralisasi Fiskal terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Per Kapita Regional di Indonesia. Jurnal Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan Volume 15, Nomor 1

Luh Irma Dewi Susi S, I Ketut Kirya, Fridayana Yudiaatmaja. 2014. Pengaruh Investasi, Tenaga Kerja, dan Ekspor terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi di Kabupaten Buleleng Periode 2008-2012. e-Journal Bisma Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha Jurusan Manajemen (Volume 3 Tahun 2015)

Mudrajad Kuncoro. 2004. Ekonomi Pembangunan: Teori Masalah dan Kebijakan. UPP-AMP YKPN, Yogyakarta.

Mankiw, N. Gregory. 2000. Teori Makrekonomi, Edisi Keempat. Penerbit Erlangga

Mohammad. Rizal Mubaroq, Sutyastie S. Remi dan Bagdja Muljarijadi. 2013. Pengaruh Investasi Pemerintah, Tenaga Kerja, dan Desentralisasi Fiskal terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Kabupaten di Indonesia Tahun 2007-2010. Departemen Ilmu Ekonomi Universitas Padjadjaran.

Novi Maryaningsih, Oki Hermansyah dan Myrnawati Savitri. 2014. Pengaruh Infrastruktur terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Indonesia. Buletin Ekonomi Moneter dan Perbankan, Volume 17, Nomor 1.

Nugraha, Shanti Shintia dan Maruto Umar Basuki. 2007. Disparitas Pendapatan Anta Daerah (Studi Kasus Kabupaten/Kota di Wilayah Pantura Propinsi Jawa Tengah Tahun 1994-2003). Jurnal Dinamika Pembangunan. Vol 4, No 1. Fakultas Ekonomi, Universitas Diponegoro.

Prijono Tjiptoherijanto. 1996. Pertumbuhan dan Pemerataan. Majalah Perencanaan Pembangunan Unit Korpri, Bapenas Jakarta.

Priyo Hari Adi. 2005. Dampak Desentralisasi Fiskal terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi (Studi pada Kabupaten dan Kota se Jawa-Bali). Jurnal Interdispliner Kritis UKSW (Terakreditasi).

Rama Nurhuda, M. R. Khairul Muluk, Wima Yudo Prasetyo. 2013. Analisis Ketimpangan Pembangunan (Studi di Provinsi Jawa Timur Tahun 2005-2011). Jurnal Administrasi Publik (JAP), Vol. 1, Nomor 4.

R. Abdul Maqin. 2007. Analisis Disparitas Pendapatan Antar Daerah Di Jawa Barat. Jurnal Trikonomika FE Unpas

Rahardja, Prathama. 2008. Teori Ekonomi Makro Suatu Pengantar Edisi Keempat. Jakarta Lembaga Penerbit Fakultas Ekonomi Indonesia

Sukirno, Sadono. 2000. Makro Ekonomi Modem: Perkembangan Pemikiran dari Klasik hingga Keynesian Baru. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada

Supranto J. 2008. Statistik: Teori dan Aplikasi Edisi Ketujuh. Jakarta: Erlangga

Sugiyono. 2010. Statistika Untuk Penelitian. Bandung: Alfabeta

Sudibyo, Bambang dkk. 1995. Kemiskinan dan Kesenjangan di Indonesia, Yogyakarta: Bagian Penerbitan Aditya Media.

Sjafrizal. 1997. Pertumbuhan Ekonomi dan Ketimpangan Regional Wilayah Indonesia Bagian Barat. Jakarta, Jurnal Buletin Prisma.

Suryana. 2000. Ekonomi Pembangunan-Problematikan dan Pendekatan. Jakarta: Bagian Penerbitan Salemba Empat.

Sirojuzilam. 2010. Disparitas Ekonomi Wilayah Pantai Barat Dan Pantai Timur Provinsi Sumatera Utara. Jurnal Ekonom, Vol. 13

Sri Danawati, I K.G. Bendesa dan Made Suyana Utama. 2016. Pengaruh Pengeluaran Pemerintah dan Investasi terhadap Kesempatan Kerja, Pertumbuhan Ekonomi serta Ketimpangan Pendapatan Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Bali. E-Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Udayana.

Sayekti Suindyah D. 2009. Pengaruh Investasi, Tenaga Kerja dan Pengeluaran Pemerintah terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi di Propinsi Jawa Timur. EKUITAS Akreditasi No.110/DIKTI/Kep/2009 ISSN 1411-0393

Triyanto W, Hg. Suseno. 1991. Indikator Ekonomi. Yogyakarta: Kansisus.

Tarigan, Robinson. 2005. Ekonomi Regional, Teori dan Aplikasi, Edisi Revisi. PT. Bumi Aksara, Jakarta.

Todaro, Michael P. 2000. Pembangunan Ekonomi di Dunia Ketiga, Edisi Ketujuh. Penerbit Erlangga

Todaro, Michael P. dan Stephen C. Smith. 2006. Pembangunan Ekonomi. 9 ed. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Thee Kian Wie. 1982. Perekonomian di Negara Berkembang. Jakarta: Pustaka Jaya.

Tambunan, Tulus TH. 2001. Perekonomian Indonesia. Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia, Jakarta.

Widiarto. 2001. Ketimpangan, Pemerataan dan Infrastruktur. widoarto@bandumg2. wasantara. net.id

Yeniwati. 2013. Ketimpangan Ekonomi Antar Provinsi di Sumatera. Jurnal Kajian Ekonomi, Juli 2013, Vol. II, No.03

Yesika Resianna Barimbing dan Ni Luh Karmini. 2015. Pengaruh PAD, Tenaga Kerja, dan Investasi terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi di Provinsi Bali. E-Jurnal EP Unud, 4 [5] :434-450 ISSN: 2303-0178


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Asian Journal of Business and Management

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.