Development of an E-Flipped Classroom Learning Model to Improve Mathematics Students' High Level Thinking Ability
Keywords:Floating, Mathematics, Higher Order Thinking Ability, E-Flipped Classroom
The purpose of this study was to create an e-flipped classroom learning paradigm to help mathematics students enhance their higher order thinking skills. This study is a research development, often known as R&D. In this study, the development model proceeded through the stages of conceptual model, theoretical model, hypothetical model, and final model. The learning devices created in the form of prototypes are restricted to eight disciplines as a consequence of the design of learning devices achieved. The method for building the e-flipped classroom model to increase higher order thinking abilities is separated into three stages: pre-development activities, development activities, and model implementation activities. Validation sheets, observation sheets, questionnaires, and assessment sheets were utilized as study instruments. Validity, practicability, and effectiveness data analysis approaches are employed. The study's findings show that: (1) the e-flipped classroom model was developed to improve the parts that have been obstacles to its use thus far; (2) the flipped classroom model is not only a combination of online and offline but also allows for full online conditions; (3) the model is designed to train students' high-level thinking skills through several supportive activities; and (4) the devices used. Thus, based on the study findings, the e-flipped classroom concept and its learning aids satisfy the requirements for being valid, practical, and successful.
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