Level of Knowledge Coastal People on Earthquake and Tsunami Disasters Mitigation in Bengkulu, Indonesia
Keywords:Earthquake and tsunami, Zoning Map, Kriging Interpolation, Structural Equation Modeling
AbstractThe classic problem in disaster mitigation activities is in planning, implementation, and sustainability. One of the contributing factors is the unavailability of information locally about the model of natural disaster occurrence and the model of human behavior as an object that is directly affected by the incident. We have conducted field surveys as well as distributing questionnaires in some coastal areas in the Province of Bengkulu. The data obtained are presented in the form of zoning maps and mathematical models that can illustrate the human behavior of earthquake and tsunami disaster mitigation. The kriging interpolation method is used in zoning map of coastal community knowledge level about earthquake and tsunami disaster mitigation. While the Structural Equation Modelling is used to see the relationship between mitigation variables with earthquake and tsunami disaster risk variables. Conclusions from the results of the study, based on simultaneous measurements of the five disaster mitigation variables, most of the coastal areas located in Mukomuko, Bengkulu Tengah and Seluma districts are included in areas with poorly prepared zone criteria. Partially, especially for Policy Statement variables, almost all districts in Bengkulu Province are perceived not yet ready by respondents from this research. Based on the resulting structural equation model, the reduction of the earthquake and tsunami risk impacts is strongly influenced by emergency response plans and disaster warning system factors.
EOS: Earth Obsevatory Singapure. â€œWest Sumatra Tectonics and Tsunami Hazardâ€. Singapure. 2015.
McCloskey, J., Antonioli, A., Piatanesi, A., Sieh, K., Steacy, S., Nalbant, S., Cocco, M., Giunchi, C., Huang, J.D., Dunlop, P., â€œTsunami Threat in the Indian Ocean from a Future Megathrust Earthquake West of Sumatraâ€, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 265 pp 61â€“81, 2008.
Philibosian, B., K. Sieh, D. H. Natawidjaja, H.-W. Chiang, C.-C. Shen, B. W. Suwargadi, E. M. Hill, and R. L. Edwards, â€œAn Ancient Shallow Slip Event on the Mentawai Segment of the Sunda Megathrust, Sumatra, J. Geophys. Res., 117, B05401, doi:10.1029/2011JB009075. 2012.
Meltzner, A. J., K. Sieh, H.-W. Chiang, C.-C. Shen, B. W. Suwargadi, D. H. Natawidjaja, B. Philibosian, and R. W. Briggs, â€œPersistent Termini of 2004 - and 2005-like Ruptures of the Sunda megathrustâ€, J. Geophys. Res., 117, B04405, 2012, doi:10.1029/2011JB008888.
Natawidjaja, D. H., Sieh, K., Chlieh, M., Galetzka, J., Suwargadi, B. W., Cheng, H, â€œSource Parameters of the Great Sumatran Megathrust Earthquakes of 1797 and 1833 Inferred from Coral Microatollsâ€. J. Geophys. Res. 111, B06403. doi:10.1029/2005JB004025, 2006.
B.A.D. Van Veen., D. Vatvani. , F. Zijl., â€œTsunami flood modelling for Aceh & West Sumatra and Its Application for an Early Warning Systemâ€ Journal of Continental Shelf Research vol. 79 pp. 46â€“53, 2014,
Borrero, J., Sieh, K., Chlieh, M., Synolakis, C., â€œTsunami Forecasts for Western Sumatraâ€, Journal of PNAS Vol 103, no. 52, pp. 19673-19677, 2006, doi:10.1073/pnas.0604069103.
Goda, K., Yasuda, T., Mori, N., and Maruyama, T., â€œNew Scaling Relationships of Earthquake Source Parameters for Stochastic Tsunami Simulationâ€, Coastal Engineering Journal, Vol. 58, No. 3, 2016, Japan Society of Civil Engineers Coastal Engineering committee DOI: 10.1142/S0578563416500108
MÃ¶rner, N.A., â€œConverting Tsunami Wave Heights to Earthquake Magnitudesâ€. Open Journal of Earthquake Research, 6, 89-97. 2017. https://doi.org/10.4236/ojer.2017.62005
Muhammad, A., Goda, K., and Alexander, N., â€œTsunami Hazard Analysis of Future Megathrust Sumatra Earthquakes in Padang, Indonesia Using Stochastic Tsunami Simulationâ€. Front. Built Environ. 2:33. doi: 10.3389/fbuil.2016.00033. 2016.
Shannon, R., Hope, M. and McCloskey, J., â€œThe Bengkulu Premonition: Cultural Pluralism and Hybridity in Disaster Risk Reduction. Areaâ€, 43: 449â€“455. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4762.2011.01029.x, 2011
McCaughey, J., Lubis, A. M., Huang, Z., Hill, E. M., Eriksson, S., Sieh, K., â€œEarthquake and tsunami hazard in West Sumatra: Integrating Science, Outreach, and Local Stakeholder Needsâ€, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 14 EGU2012-8535, 2012.
LIPI â€“ UNESCO/ISDR, â€œKajian Kesiapsiagaan Masyarakat dalam Mengantisipasi Bencana Gempa Bumi & Tsunamiâ€. Laporan Kegiatan Deputi Ilmu Pengetahuan, Kebumian Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia, Jakarta. 2006.
Singarimbun, M dan S, Effendi., â€œValiditas dan Reliabilitas Instrumen Penelitian, dalam Djamaludin Ancok edâ€. Metode Penelitian Survai,. LP3S, Jakarta, 1987
Cressie, N., â€œSpatial Prediction and Ordinary Krigingâ€, Journal of Mathematical Geology, Vol. 20, No. 4. pp 405-421. 1988.
Cressie, N ., â€œStatistics For Spatial Data. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc. 1993.
Joreskog, K. G., â€œA General Approach To Confirmatory Maximum Likelihood Factor Analysisâ€. Journal of Psychometrika-vol. 34, no. 2, 1969.
Hardle, W., â€œApplied Multivariate Statistical Analysisâ€, .Humbolt-Universitat zu Berlin.Jerman. 2007
How to Cite
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.