Humanized Settlement Concept as a Strategy for Improving the Living Quality of Urban Slum (Case Study: Pejagalan Sub District, North Jakarta)
Keywords:Urban Settlements, Slums Area, Pejagalan Sub District, Humanized Settlement Concept
Urban slums often create complicated problems, such as its existence which become the most difficult problem to handle. Besides, there are physical and social problems that worsen the environment quality. This is happened in North Jakarta as the research area. As one of the central economic activities, North Jakarta had attracted local people to work and live there. This conditions encourage the development of slum area in certain parts of North Jakarta. It is also worsened by the loose government control therefore, the slums grew prosperously in the greenbelt area of the city. Slums commonly caused various problems related to the decrease of the environment quality. The appearance of poor housing environment is probably because it is based on the individual activities pattern and environment setting that directly influence the people activities and process of environment formation. Thus, poor people always think on how to optimized the empty and illegal spaces but neglect the quality of the environment. People usually develop temporary house with unorganized settlements, very poor social and economic condition, inferior infrastructure and bad facilities. One of the reasons of low economic condition related to the economic conditions of the people is most of these migrants has low income. It is very hard for them to get better live since they got through urbanization by depending to others. This condition caused difficulty in surviving on urban area as seen in the Pejagalan sub district.
Based on above condition, this research is aimed to reveal detail of real problem that may occur in Pejagalan sub district and show an alternative solution to the arrangement of the slums. The method used in this research was qualitative descriptive study which explain and describe the problems and all the findings in research area. While data collection was done through FGD (Focus Group Discussion) so that it will ease researcher to find out the problems and anything related to the research and find the solutions. The concept of humanized settlement as the output of this research is expected to become the best solution for relocating poor people along the river bank in Pejagalan, North Jakarta. The objective are to improve environmental quality and relocate poor people from the slums. This should be done in line with the efforts of reduceing poverty in order to avoid the spread of the slums in urban area.
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