Assessment of the Effect of Ambient Air Quality on Some Biochemical Parameters of Trees in three Artificial Forest Reserves in Edo State, Niger Delta, Nigeria

Patience Odafe Agbaire, Rachel Ogheneovo Ogboru, Emmanuel Eyitemi Akporhonor

Abstract


It is a well-established fact that the plant helps in reducing the effect of air pollution on the environment since they could act as pollution sink. It is therefore necessary to be able to identify plant species that can play this important role in the development of a greenbelt. Green belt is important for mitigating effect of air pollution on the environment. This study thus evaluated the tolerant capacity of plant species in three artificial forest reserves in Edo State, Nigeria. Four physiological and bio-chemical parameters, namely; leaf extract pH, total chlorophyll, ascorbic acid content and relative water content were used. These parameters were computed into the air pollution tolerance index (APTI) formula to obtain the APTIs for the various plant species. All the plants studied were found to be sensitive with APTI ranging from 1.96 to 17.05. Since these plant species are sensitive, they have to be protected from environmental emissions, which would lead to air pollution. Graduation of tolerance was also calculated and used to classify the plant species. It was found that the status of plant ranged between sensitive(s), through intermediate to tolerance.


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