Adaptive Beam Formation in Smart Antenna – A New Combined Method Using Tchebyscheff Distribution and Constrained Stability Least Mean Square Algorithm

Subhashree Nibedita Baliarsingh, Anupama Senapati, Arindam Deb, Jibendu Sekhar Roy

Abstract


Adaptive beam-formation in smart antenna using constraint stability least mean square (CSLMS) algorithm along with Tchebyscheff distribution (TDCSLMS) is reported in this paper. Different values of pre-defined side lobe levels are considered for Tchebyscheff distribution. The results of adaptive beam formation are compared with respect to desired beam direction, null direction, beamwidth and maximum side lobe level (SLL). Using TDCSLMS, lower side lobe levels are achieved compared to CSLMS for various angles of desired user and undesired interferer.



Keywords


Smart antenna, CSLMS, TDCSLMS, side lobe reduction

Full Text:

PDF

References


T. K. Sarkar, M. C. Wicks, M. Salazar-Palma, Robert J. Bonneau, Smart Antennas, Wiley-IEEE Press, 2003.

F. Gross, Smart Antenna for Wireless Communication, McGraw-Hill, 2005.

L. C. Godara, “Application of antenna arrays to mobile communications, Part II: beam-forming and direction-of-arrival considerations”, Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 85, no. 8, pp. 1195–1245, Aug. 1997.

S. Bellofiore, C. A. Balanis, J. Foutz, A. S. Spanias, “Smart-antenna systems for mobile communication network”, part 1, overview and antenna design”, IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, vol. 44, no.3, pp. 145- 154 June 2002.

M. Mouhamadou, P. Vaudon, M. Rammal, "Smart antenna array patterns synthesis: null steering and multi-user beamforming by phase control," Progress In Electromagnetics Research (PIER), vol. 60, pp. 95-106, 2006.

T. S. Ghouse Basha, P. V. Sridevi, M. N. Giri Prasad, “Beam forming in smart antenna with precise direction of arrival estimation using MUSIC algorithm”, Wireless Personal Communications, vol. 71, issue 2, pp. 1353-1364, July 2013.

J-W Tao, W-X Chang, “Adaptive beamforming based on complex quaternion processes”, Mathematical Problems in Engineering, Hindawi, vol. 2014, pp 1-10, June 2014.

A. Senapati and J. S. Roy, “Beam-forming and beam-shaping in smart antenna-a comparative study between least mean square and recursive least square algorithms”, International Journal of Microwave and Optical Technology (IJMOT), vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 232-239, July2015.

L. C. Godara, A. Cantoni, “Analysis of constrained LMS algorithm with application to adaptive beamforming using perturbation sequences”, IEEE Transaction on Antennas and Propagation, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 1804-1807, March 1986.

G. Somg, G. Liu, W. Liu, Z. Long, S. Wang, “A modified constraint stability-least mean square algorithm and its application in chaos communication”, In Proceedings of 5th International Congress on Image and Signal Processing, Sichuan, China, Oct. 16-18, 2012, IEEE Xplore, pp. 368-379, 2012.

C. A. Balanis, Antenna Theory – Analysis and Design, 3rd Ed., Wiley, 2005.

E. C. Jordan, K. G. Balmain, “Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating Systems”, 2nd Ed., Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 2009.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.