Adaptation of Land Suitability Evaluation for the Malaysian Agricultural Land Use
Keywords:Keywords - Land suitability, multi-criteria, agriculture, crop cultivation
In this study, the position of land suitability evaluation in Malaysia within the time frame of last ten years (2005 till date) was reviewed from the view point of methods and applications. Although there had been some useful works done, no research had been done with a view of informing the research community on the development in this aspect. The objective of this paper is to review published studies to identify and discuss progress in land suitability evaluation methodology, usage, challenges and recommendation for future research direction. The study reveals that Analytic Hierarchy Proses (AHP), Analytic Network Proses (ANP), Parametric System are the three main land suitability evaluation methods widely used in Malaysia. Similarly, three key application areas, agriculture, urban planning and coastal area management have benefited from these methods. In addition, the strengths and weaknesses of each method are identified and discussed in relation to different purposes to which they have been put to. In summary, the review indicates that land suitability evaluation methods specifically for agricultural use have been focused on evaluating land suitability for single crop rather than a multi-purpose approach that can increase agricultural productivity and maximization of land as a scares resources.
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ISSN (Print): 2249-7277 ISSN (Online): 2277-7970
vol. Volume-5 Issue-18 March-2015
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