Anatomical Variations of Maxillary Air Sinuses on Computed Tomography among Sudanese People
Keywords:sinuses, maxillary, sudanese, anatomy
Background: the maxillary sinus variations are common among populations. These variations may associate with inflammatory diseases like sinusitis or other diseases (allergic rhino-sinusitis and bronchial asthma).
Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate maxillary sinus variations by using CT images in adult Sudanese population.
Methods: This was observational descriptive cross sectional study conducted in Khartoum state- Sudan from June to Dec 2014. The study was done in 30 volunteers. All participants underwent head CT scans and sagittal and coronal slices were obtained. Participants were healthy persons without history of head or face trauma or sinus operation history.
Results: Mucosal thickening was the most prevalent abnormality (66.7%), followed by antral septa (23.3%), obliterated sinus (16.6%) and mucosal polyp (3.3%). No significant differences were found between males and females regarding the maxillary sinus anatomical variations.
Conclusion: variations of maxillary sinus emphasize how important it is for the dentomaxillofacial radiologist, otolaryngologists, radiologist and anatomists to be aware about the anatomical variations of the maxillary sinuses.
Anatomical variations of maxillary air sinuses are common and may be a predisposing factor for sinus and upper respiratory tract diseases. Studies of these variations and abnormalities were done in many countries worldwide but no studies were done among Sudanese. This study represents a data base about maxillary sinus in Sudan. Further studies are needed including large sample number for more evaluation and analysis.
Elaine N. Marieb K. Human Anatomy & physiology . 7th ed. 2006 p. 255-261.
Reddy UM, Dev B. Anatomical variations of paranasal sinuses on multidetector computed tomography-How does it help FESS surgeons. Indian J Radiol Imaging. 2012; 22; p. 317-24.
Chummy S. lasts Anatomy regional and applied. 11th ed. 2006.p. 390-97.
Perez-Pinas. Anatomical variations in the human paranasal sinus region studied by CT. J. Anat. 2000.197. p. 221-227.
Rege et al. Occurrence of maxillary sinus abnormalities detected by cone beam CT in asymptomatic patients. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2010 ;15; p.67-72.
Lana JP et al. Anatomic variations and lesions of the maxillary sinus detected in cone beam computed tomography for dental implants. Clin. Oral Imp.Res. 23, 2012, p.1398â€“1403
Cha J-Y, Mah J, Sinclair P. Incidental findings in the maxillofacial area with 3dimensional cone-beam imaging. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop.2007.132:p.7â€“14.
How to Cite
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.