Synthesis and Properties of Sulfonated Poly (Maleimide) for Proton Exchange Membranes in Fuel Cells

Ahmet Gültek, Turgay Seçkin, Yusuf Gökcen, Süleyman Köytepe

Abstract


In this paper, the synthesis and characterization of new sulfonated poly(maleimide) is described. Two-step polymerization method was used to prepare the sulfonated poly(maleimide) from maleic anhydride (MA) and p-dimethylamino-azobenzenesulfonic acid (DMBSA). The sulfonation degree of the polymer was regulated through variation of the molar ratio of DMBSA. Flexible, transparent, and mechanically strong membranes were successfully obtained. The membranes were characterized with Fourier transform infrared spectra, 1H NMR, thermogravimetric analysis, ion-exchange capacity, and proton conductivity measurements. These results showed that the membranes had good thermal stability and exhibited high conductivity.

 

 


Keywords


Microbial fuel cel, PEM membrane, Poly(maleimide)

Full Text:

PDF

References


Harris, F.W. Advances in Materials for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Systems, Asilomar, CA, Preprint Number 12, 2003.

Savadogo, O. J. New Mater. Electrochem. Syst. 1, 47–66, 1998.

Wang, F. Hickner, M. Kim, Y.S. Zawodzinski,T.A. McGrath, J.E. J. Membr. Sci. 197, 231–242, 2002.

Rikukawa, Sanui, M. K. Prog. Polym. Sci. 25, 1463–1502, 2000.

Rozi`ere. Jones,J. D. Annu. Rev. Mater. Res. 33, 503–555, 2003.

Hwang, G.-J. Ohya, H. Toshiyuki, N., J. Membr. Sci. 156, 61–65, 1999.

Genies, C. Mercier, R. Sillion,B. Cornet,N. Gebel,G. Pineri, M. Polymer 42, 359–373, 2001.

Akiba, T.; Bennetto, H. P.; Stirling, J. L.; Tanaka, K. Biotechnol. Lett., 9, 611, 1987.

Yagishita, T.; Horigome, T.; Tanaka, K. J. Chem. Tech. Biotechnol. 56, 393, 1993.

Tanaka, K.; Kashiwagi, N.; Ogawa, R. J. Chem. Tech. Biotechnol. 42, 235, 1988.

Karube, I.; Matsunaga, T.; Tsuru, S.; Suzuki, S. Biotechnol. Bioeng., 19, 1727, 1977.

Benneto, H. P.; Dew, M. E.; Stirling, L.; Tanaka, K. Chemistry and Industry, 7, 776, 1981.

Benneto, H. P.; Stirling, J. L. Chemistry and Industry, 21, 695, 1985.

Habermann, W.; Pommer, E.-H. Appl. Microbial Biotechnol. 35, 128, 1991.

I. Dincer, M. A. Rosen, Exergy: Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development.: Elsevier. 2007, pp. 364.

Mathias, M,; Gasteiger, H.; Makharia, R.; Kocha, S.; Fuller, T.; Xie, T.; and Pisco, J. Prepr. Pap.-Am. Chem. Soc. Div. Fuel Chem. 49(2), 470, 2004.

S.J. Peighambardoust, S. Rowshanzamir, M. Amjadi, Review of the proton exchange membranes for fuel cell applications, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 35(17), 2010, 9349–9384

A. Matsumoto , T. Kubota , T. Otsu, Radical polymerization of N-(alkyl-substituted phenyl)maleimides: synthesis of thermally stable polymers soluble in nonpolar solvents, Macromolecules, 1990, 23 (21), 4508–4513.

M. Takeishi, S. Arimori, N. Iwasaki, K. Sekiya, R. Sato, Polymerization of N-Substituted Maleimides Initiated by Thiophenol, Polymer Journal, 24, 365-373, 1992.

L. Jiang, H. Ni, Synthesis and polymerization of novel N -substituted maleimides containing an oxazoline group, Polymer Bulletin, 52(1) 1-7, 2004.

T. Hagiwara, T. Shimizu, T. Uda, H. Hamana and T. Narita, J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Chem., 28, 1225, 1990.

C. I. Simionescu and M. Grigoras, J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Lett., 28, 39, 1990.

B.L. Hiran, R. Boriwal, S. Bapana, S.N. Paliwal, Synthesis and Characterization of Polymers, of Substituted Maleimide Derivative, Journal of the University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, 45, 2, 127-132, 2010.

Özdemir, I.; Çetinkaya, B.; Seçkin, T.; Köytepe, S. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical 179 263–270, 2002.

Maddams, W. F. Appl. Spectrosc. 34, 245-267, 1980.

Aguiar, E.C.; P. da Silva, J.B.; Ramos, M.N. Journal of Molecular Structure 993, 431–434, 2011.

Aguiar, E.C.; P. da Silva, J.B.; Ramos, M.N. Spectrochimica Acta Part A 71, 5–9, 2008.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.