Characterization of Hydroxyapatite derived from Bovine Bone


  • Jojorlamsihar Manalu Department of Physiology, Medical Faculty, Atma Jaya University
  • Bambang Soegijono
  • Decky Jusiana Indrani


Hydroxyapatite, Cowbone, heat treatment, particle size and temperature.


In the present study, hydroxyapatite (HAp) was synthesized from biosourcesbovine bone in a cost effective and ecofriendly way.Bovine bone were converted to hydroxyapatite (HAP) by a heat treatment method at different temperatures. The final product were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Scanning Electron Microscopy, Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and FT-IR. The phase, purity and crystallinity of different calcinedHAp powder were analysed.It confirms that material prepare from biosources cow bone is hydroxyapatite indeed. The natural HAp obtained by calcining at 850 °C shows the desired quality. In addition, SEM results revealed the formation of microstructuredHAp 0.4 mm at 700 °C and crystal agglomeration was observed with an increase in calcination temperature. Calcium and Phosphorus contents were 20 % and 11.4%, respectively, which corresponded to the Ca/P molar ratio of nonstoichiometric hydroxyapatite. The specific surfaces of products were measured by BET method. The volume of micropores was determined.


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How to Cite

Manalu, J., Soegijono, B., & Indrani, D. J. (2015). Characterization of Hydroxyapatite derived from Bovine Bone. Asian Journal of Applied Sciences, 3(4). Retrieved from




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