Chemical Constituents of the Leaf Essential Oil of <i>Physalis angulata</i> L.
Keywords:Physalis angulata, essential oil composition, phytol, hexahydrofarnesyl acetone
This paper report the chemical constituents identified in the essential oil obtained from the leaves of Physalis angulata L., grown in Nigeria. The essential oil was obtained by hydrodistillation in an all glass Clevenger-type oil apparatus in the Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Lagos State University, Ojo, Nigeria. The oil was analysed for its constituents by means of gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID) and gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The main chemical classes identified in the oil were diterpenes (31.7%), fatty acids (22.8%), oxygenated sesquiterpenes (22.3%) and aromatic compounds (13.6%). Monoterpene compounds occurred in trace amounts. The major constituents of the essential oil were phytol (31.7%) and hexahydrofarnesyl acetone or 6,10,14-trimethy-2-pentadecanone (18.8%), with significant amounts of n-nonadecane (8.6%) and n-hexadecanoic acid (5.0%).
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