Risk Mapping to Consolidate the Control of Occupational Health in Institutions of Higher Education
Keywords:Biosafety, risk control, map of risk, occupational safety, institutional biosafety.
In compliance with the Brazilian legislation risk maps and alternative signs are required for mapping environments where any type of risk is present. Current information on this subject is scarce; there is little knowledge about its use in the biological sciences and other health care higher education institutions units. The purpose of this paper was to assess occupational risks at the Health Sciences Institute of the Federal University of Bahia (ICS - UFBA); to identify risks, analyze potential consequences, set priorities of action and suggest strategic models of mapping to establish and strengthen occupational health and biosafety in this institution and other public institutions of higher education that offer biological sciences and biomedical programs. An observational study of the building infrastructure and signaling was conducted; questionnaires were distributed and answered by professionals responsible for the laboratories; current Brazilian legislation on risk maps and alternative signs was reviewed; all collected data was analyzed. The absence of adequate infrastructures signage or equipment was noted on this study. Models of risk map were suggested using a simple and objective signage to enable a better interpretation of professionals and students who move in and out laboratories or other environments that pose occupational or environmental hazards, as well as to the visitors and users of the teaching services of that unit.
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