A Meta-Analysis on the Information Technology Application in Patients’ Knowledge and Anxiety in Taiwan

Yi-Horng Lai


The application of information technology in health education plan in Taiwan had gone for a long time. This study was performed to synthesize existing research comparing the effects of information technology application versus traditional instruction in health education plan on patients’ knowledge and anxiety in Taiwan. In spite of claims regarding the potential benefits of using information technology in health education plan, research results comparing the effects of information technology application and traditional instruction in Taiwan were conflicting. Some studies all reported significant gains for information technology application over traditional instruction. However, some studies had found no significant differences between information technology application and traditional instruction. Meta-analysis was a statistical process whereby the findings of several studies, focusing on a common problem or topic, are pooled in an effort to draw inferences as to the meaning of a collective body of research. In an effort to lend data to this debate, this study provides the meta-analysis of information technology application verse traditional instruction in Taiwanese hospital. The results from this study suggest information technology application with health education is positive with patients’ knowledge, and information technology application with health education is negative with patients’ anxiety.



Health Education Plan, Patients’ Knowledge, Patients’ Anxiety, Meta-analysis

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