Assessing the Performance of Sorghum Varieties in the Guinea Savanna Zone of Ghana
Keywords:Sorghum, Pannar, Panicle, Grain yield
Two field experiments were conducted at the Faculty of Agriculture Research Farm, University for Development Studies, Nyankpala during the two successive growing seasons of 2011 and 2012 cropping. The objective of the study was to evaluate new hybrids of sorghum (Pannar sorghum) and their level of performance in the Guinea savannah zones of Ghana. The experiment was laid in a randomised complete block design with five treatments for the 2011 seasons and ten treatments for the 2012 season. They were all replicated four times. Parameters measured include plant height, number of leaves, days to 50% flowering, stalk lodging, number of panicle per plot,Â biomass at harvest, panicle dry weight, 1000 grain weight and grain yield. From the obtained results, Pannar varieties performed better compared to the landrace in terms of growth and yield parameters. From these studies, famers are encouraged to cultivate more of the Pannar 606 and Macia varieties for higher grain production.
Abdalla, H. A. Evaluation of exotic and local parental lines of sorghum (sorghum bicolor L.Moench) and their F1 hybrid at different environments .M.SC.Thesis (Agri.) University of hartoum, 1991
Abdel-Rahman, M.E. Selection for grain yield under water stress in sorghum (sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench). Ph. D. Diss.University of Nebraska Lincoln .USA, 1985
Al-Hassan, R., Jatoe, D.J.B. Adoption and Impact of Improved Cereal Varieties in Ghana. Green Revolution in Asia and its Transferability to Africa. Tokyo Japan 8th-10th December, 14-15pp. 2002
Aljenandro, F. R. Selection of sorghum genotypes for tolerance to water stress .Thesis. University of Philippines at Los Banos college, Laguna, Philippines. PP: 91, 1982
Ayub, M., Tanveer, A., Mahmud, K., Ali, A. and Azam, M. Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus on the fodder yield quality of two sorghum cultivars (Sorghum bicolor L.Moench), Pak. J. Biology. Science 2: Pp247-250, 1999
Balasubramanaian, P. and Palaniappaan, S. P. Principles and practice of Agronomy Publication No.2.Agro.Bios Publishers, India. Pp 676, 2007
Bakheit, B. R. Variability and correlation in grain sorghum genotypes (Sorghum bicolor L.Moench) under drought conditions at different stages of growth, 1990
Chanteareau, J. and Nicou, R. Tropical Agriculturalist Sorghum. Macmillan Press Ltd. London and Basingstoke Pp 4-12, 1994
Chohan M.S.M., Naem, M., Khan, A. H and Salah D. Performance of newly developed forage varieties of sorghum (Sorghum bicolour L. Moench). J. Pl. Sci. 2: Pp 48-50, 2003
Chohan, M. S. M., Naem, M., Khan, A. H. and Kainth, R. A. Performance of Pearl millet (Pennisetum americanum L) varieties for forage yield. J. Agric. Res. 44: Pp 23-27, 2006
Elmore, R .Mid-to-late season lodging. Iowa State University Integrated Crop Management Newsletter IC-494(21)161-162. (http://www.agronext.iastate.edu/corn/production/management/mid/silking.html), 2005
Hassan, A. E. Effect of plant population on grain yield of sorghum in South Kordofan. Proceedings of the Meetings of the National Crop Husbandry Committee 37th Agricultural Research Corporation (ARC) â€“ Sudan, pp: 6-13, 2005
Kanton, R.A.L., Atopkle, I.D.K., Dogbe, W. Kansei, C. N. Effects of sowing dates on grain yield and yield attributes of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L Moench) cultivar ICSVIII in Northern Ghana. Journal of Agricultural Science 40 part Pp 1:11, 2007
Keshin, B., I.H. Yilmaz and O. Arvas. Determination of some yields characters of grain corn in eastern Anatolia region of Turkey. Journal of Agronomy, 4: Pp 14-17, 2005
Koku, C. and Kurt, S. A research on the determination of yield, yield components and quality characters of local composite and single cross maize cultivars. Proceedings of the 2nd field crops congress, September 22-25, samsun, Turkey. Pp 123-127, 1997
Litzenberge, S.C. Guide for Field crops in the Tropics and Subtropics. 1st Edition, Office of Agriculture Technical Assistance Bureau, USA, 1985
Mehmud, K. Ahmed, I. and Ayub, M. Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus on the fodder yield and quality of two sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L) cultivars. Int. J. Agricultural. Biology, 5: Pp 61-63, 2003
Salunke, V.D., Deshmukh, R. V., Aglave, B. N. and Borikar S. T. (2003). Sestake, Z., Catsky, J. and Jarris, P. G. (1971). Plant analyses production manual of methods (Ed.) Dr.W. Junk, N. V. publication, The Hague, Pp 343-381, 2003
Stoskopf, N.C. Understanding Crop Production. 1st Edition, Reston Publishing Company, Virginia, USA, 1981
Taylor J.R.N. Importance of Sorghum in Africa, Department of Food Science, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa, 2011
Yousef, E., Carmi, A. Nikbachat, M. Zenou, A. Umiel, N. and Miron, J. Characteristics of tall versus short-type varieties of forage sorghum grown under two irrigation levels for summer and subsequent fall harvests, and digestibility by sheep of their silages. Animal Feed Science Technology. 152: Pp1-11, 2009
How to Cite
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.