Effect of Silicon through Potassium Silicate on Yield, Nutrient Uptake and Quality of Grand Naine Banana
Keywords:Keywords: silicon, banana yield, quality, uptake
Field experiment was conducted in Farmers holding located at Rajagopalapuram village under Kuttalam taluk, Mayiladuthurai district, Tamilnadu, India belonging to Padugai series (Typic ustifluvent) low in available silicon to elucidate the response of banana in terms of yield, nutrition and quality due to silicon nutrition applied through potassium silicate. The treatment consists of T1 - NPK (RDF), T2 - NPK + Potassium silicate (FS) - 0.25%, T3- NPK + Potassium silicate (FS) - 0.50%, T4 - NPK + Potassium silicate (FS) - 1.00%, T5 - NPK + Potassium silicate (FS) - 0.25%, T6 - NPK + Potassium silicate (FS) - 0.50%, T7 - NPK + Potassium silicate (FS) - 1.00%, T8 - NPK + Potassium silicate (SA) - 50 kg ha-1, T9 - NPK + Potassium silicate (SA) - 100 kg ha-1 and T10 - NPK + Potassium silicate (SA) – 150 kg ha-1. From T2 to T4 foliar spray was done at 3rd and 5th month and from T5 to T7, foliar spray was done at 3rd, 5th and 7th month. The test crop is Banana Var. Grand Naine. The results showed that the highest fruit yield was noticed with 50 kg Si ha-1 (96.0 t ha-1) and it reduced with Si levels. Among foliar treatments, fruit yield increased with silicon concentrations (0.25 to 1%). The highest fruit yield was observed with 1% Si applied at 3rd and 5th month (92.7 t ha-1). Foliar spray of 0.25 and 0.5% Si applied thrice increased the fruit yield compared to twice application at same concentration. But fruit yield declined when Si was sprayed at 1% thrice. Soil application of silicon recorded higher nutrient uptake over foliar addition. The nutrient uptake was maximum with 150 kg Si ha-1. With respect to foliar treatments, the highest uptake was noticed with foliar spray of 1% Si applied at 3rd and 5th month. Soil application of 50 kg Si ha-1 recorded the highest fruit quality viz., TSS, total sugars, reducing and non-reducing sugar and leaf protein. The highest fruit quality was noticed with foliar spray of 1% Si applied at 3rd and 5th month.
Ahmed, F.F.; Gad El- Kareem, M.R. and Oraby- Mona, M.M. (2013): Response of Zaghloul date palms to spraying boron, silicon and glutathione. Stem Cell 4(2): 29-34.
Al-Aghabary, K., Zhu, Z and Q.H. Shi. 2004. Influence of silicon supply on chlorophyll content, chlorophyll fluorescence and antioxidative enzyme activities in tomato plants under salt stress. J. Plant Nutr. 27: 2101-2115.
Aziz, T., Gill, M.A. and Rahmatullah, R. 2002. Silicon nutrition and crop production: A Review. Pak. J. Agric. Sci., 39(3): 181-187.
Brunings, A.M., Datnoff, L.E., Ma, J.F., Mitani, N., Nagamura Y., Rathinasabapathi, B., and Kirst. M. 2009. Different gene expression of rice in response to silicon and rice blast fungus Magnaparthe oryzae. Ann. Appl. Biol., 155: 161-170.
Epstein, E. 1999. Silicon. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol., 50: 641-664
Fiori, M.P. 2006. Comportamento de cultivares de tomateiro quanto à utilização de escórias siderúrgicas em ambiente protegido. 54. (Tese doutorado)
Henriet, C., Draye, X., Oppitz, I., Swennen, R., and Delvaux, B. 2006. Effects, distribution and uptake of silicon in banana (Musa spp.) under controlled conditions. Pl. Sci., 287: 359-374.
Hinsinger, P., Barros, O.N.F., Benedetti, M.F and Janeiro. 2001. Plant-induced weathering of a basaltic rock: Experimental evidence. Geochim. Cosmochim Acta, 65: 137-152
Hudson, M.J., White, P.J., Mead, A., and Broadly, B.R. 2005. Phylogenetic variation in the silicon composition of plants. Ann. Bot., 96: 1027-1046.
Jauhari, O.S., Mishra, R.A., Tewari C.B. 1974. Nutrient uptake of banana (Musa paradisiaca) var. Basrai Dwarf. Indian J Agric. Chem. 7:73–79
Kamenidou, S., Canvins, T.J., and Marker, S. 2009. Evaluation of silicon as a nutritional supplement for greenhouse zinnia production. Scientia Hort., 119(3): 297-301
Lalithya, K.A., Bhagya, H.P. and Raveendra Choudhary. 2014. Response of silicon and micronutrients on fruit character and nutrient content in leaf of sapota. Biolife, 2(2): 593-598.
Lentfer, C.J. 2009. Tracing domestication and cultivation of bananas from phytoliths: An update from Papua New Guinea. Ethnobotany Research and Applications, 7: 247-270
Ma, J.F. and Takahashi. E. 2002. Soil fertilizers and plant silicon research in Japan, Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Ma, J.F. and Yamaji. N. 2006. Silicon uptake and accumulation in higher plants. Trends in Plant Sci., 11(8): 342-397.
Ma, J.F., Miyake, Y. and Takahashi, E. 2001. Silicon as a beneficial element for crop plants. In: Datnoff,C.E., G.H. Snyder and G.H. Korndofer. Silicon in agriculture. Elsevier Science, The Netherlands. pp. 17-35.
Marodin, J.C., Resende, J.C.T., Morales, R.G.F., Silva, M.L.S., Galvao, A.G. and Zanin, D.S. 2014. Yield of tomato fruits in relation to silicon sources and rates. Horticultura Brasileira, 32: 220-224
Marschner, H. 1995. Mineral nutrition of higher plants, Academic Press, London, pp. 352-357.
Martichenkov, V.V. and Calvert. D.V. 2002. Prospective of silicon fertilization for citrus in Florida. Proc. Soil and Crop Sci. Soc. of Florida, 5: 137-141.
Milne, C.J.I., Laubscher, C.P.I. and Ndakidemi, P.A. 2012. The alleviation of salinity include stress with applications of silicon in soilless grown (Lactuca sativa L.). Eish. International J. Physical Sci., 7(5): 735-742.
Nesreen, H., Abou-Baker, M., Abdeladl M. Mohsen and Abbas. 2011. Use of silicate and different cultivation practices in alleviating salt stress on Bean plants. Australia J. Basic and Appl. Sci., 5(9): 769-781.
NHB Data Base 2011. Horticultural Data Base, 2011.National Hort. Board, Gurgaon, India
Opfergelt, S., Cardinal, D., Henriet, C., Draye, X., André, L. and Delvaux B. 2006. Silicon isotopic fractionation by banana (Musa spp.) grown in a continuous nutrient flow device. Plant Soil, 285: 333-345
Pereira, H.S., Vitti, G.C. and Korndorfer, G.H. 2003. Comportamento de differentes fontes de silicon no solo e ha cultura do tomateiro. Revista Brasileira de ciencia de solo, 27: 101-108.
Regina, D. and Katarzyna, W. 2011. The effect of silicon foliar application on the development of seasonal ornamental plants. Acta Agrobotanica, 64(4): 99-106.
Roshdy, K.H.A. 2014. Effect of spraying silicon and seaweed extract on growth and fruiting of GrandNaine banana. Egypt. J. Res., 92(3): 979-991.
Stamatakis, A., Papandantonakis, N., Lydakis-Simantiris, N., Kefalas, P. and Savvas. D. 2003. Effects of silicon and salinity on fruit yield quality of tomato grown hydroponically. Acta. Hort., 609: 141.
Testagiorgis, H.B. and Laing. M.D. 2013. The effect of silicon level in nutrient solution on the uptake and distribution of silicon in Zucchini and Zinnia, and its interaction with the uptake of selected elements. Afr. J. Biotech., 12(14): 1617-1623.
Vladimir, M., Bocharnikova, E. and Calvert, D. 2001. Response of citrus to silicon soil amendments. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc., 114: 94-97.
Zhigniew Jarosz. 2013. The effect of silicon application and type of substrate on yield and chemical composition of leaves and fruit of cucumber. J. Elem., 403-414
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 M. V. Sriramachandrasekharan, Arthi Vijayan, Manivannan, Arumugam Shakila
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
- Papers must be submitted on the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis) and are not currently under consideration by another journal published by any other publisher.
- It is also the authors responsibility to ensure that the articles emanating from a particular source are submitted with the necessary approval.
- The authors warrant that the paper is original and that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required.
- The authors ensure that all the references carefully and they are accurate in the text as well as in the list of references (and vice versa).
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.