In Situ Ruminal Degradability of Soybean Meal and Alternative Protein Feeds in Brazil – Meta-analysis

Authors

  • Marcos Busanello University of São Paulo/USP – College of Agriculture “Luiz de Queiroz" (ESALQ), 13418-900, Piracicaba – SP, Brazil.
  • João Pedro Velho Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM) – Campus Palmeira das Missões, 98300-000, Palmeira das Missões, RS, Brazil.
  • Antônio Augusto Cortiana Tambara Federal Institute Farroupilha, Campus São Vicente do Sul, 97420-000, São Vicente do Sul, RS, Brazil.
  • Dileta Regina Moro Alessio University of the State of Santa Catarina (UDESC), 88520-000, Lages – SC, Brazil.
  • André Thaler Neto University of the State of Santa Catarina (UDESC), 88520-000, Lages - SC. Brazil.
  • Ione Maria Pereira Haygert-Velho Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM) – Campus Palmeira das Missões, 98300-000, Palmeira das Missões, RS, Brazil.

Keywords:

Concentrated, Metabolism, Microbial Protein, Passage Rate, Ruminants

Abstract

Soybean is widely produced, generating its co-product soybean meal, although other protein meal also contributes to ruminant nutrition. Thus, it aimed to compare meta-analytically the soybean meal degradability parameters with alternative meals from other plant species. They were used experiments that had parameters for ruminal degradability of protein concentrated feeds. The database was composed of 82 treatments from 15 works, comparing soybean meal with cotton seed meal, rapeseed and sunflower. The potentially degradable fraction and the effective degradability of the dry matter with 5%.h-1 were lower (P = 0.0011 and P = 0.0268 respectively) for the alternative meals. The contents of crude protein (CP) of the alternative meals are smaller (P = 0.0012) compared to soybean meal. The readily soluble fraction in water for CP was higher (P = 0.0017) for alternative meals. The potentially degradable fraction of CP was higher (P <0.0001) for soybean meal. The effective degradability to 8%.h-1 of CP was higher for alternative meals (P = 0.0357) than that for the soybean meal. Partial or total replacement of soybean meal by cottonseed meal, rapeseed and sunflower alter the ruminal degradability parameters of the dry matter and crude protein. The protein soybean meal is more available to rumen microorganisms and less available for animal compared to the protein of the alternative meals (cotton, rapeseed, and sunflower).

Author Biographies

Marcos Busanello, University of São Paulo/USP – College of Agriculture “Luiz de Queiroz" (ESALQ), 13418-900, Piracicaba – SP, Brazil.

Animal Science and Pastures

João Pedro Velho, Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM) – Campus Palmeira das Missões, 98300-000, Palmeira das Missões, RS, Brazil.

Department of Animal Science and Biological Sciences

Dileta Regina Moro Alessio, University of the State of Santa Catarina (UDESC), 88520-000, Lages – SC, Brazil.

Department of Animal and Food Production

André Thaler Neto, University of the State of Santa Catarina (UDESC), 88520-000, Lages - SC. Brazil.

Department of Animal and Food Production

Ione Maria Pereira Haygert-Velho, Federal University of Santa Maria (UFSM) – Campus Palmeira das Missões, 98300-000, Palmeira das Missões, RS, Brazil.

Department of Animal Science and Biological Sciences

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Published

2016-06-15

How to Cite

Busanello, M., Velho, J. P., Tambara, A. A. C., Alessio, D. R. M., Thaler Neto, A., & Haygert-Velho, I. M. P. (2016). In Situ Ruminal Degradability of Soybean Meal and Alternative Protein Feeds in Brazil – Meta-analysis. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences, 4(3). Retrieved from https://www.ajouronline.com/index.php/AJAFS/article/view/3904

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