Optimal Production Plan and Resource Allocation among Sedentary Agropastoralists in Adamawa State, Nigeria
Keywords:Agro-pastoralism, Optimal production plan, Resource allocation, Adamawa State
Livestock-crop farming is an important component of agriculture among the agro-pastoralist. The study determined the best production plan and resource allocation among sedentary agro-pastoralists inÂ Adamawa State of Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling was employed in selecting two hundred respondents in the study area. Linear programming technique was used to analyse the data collected. The optimal farm plan generated for maximizing total gross margin (TGM) recommended the two identified animal husbandry enterprises, namely; cattle/sheep/goat and cattle/sheep/goat/poultry enterprises although the former has the potential of generating much higher profit than the later. Consequently, the program recommended only two of the ten crop production enterprises, namely; maize/sorghum and maize/sorghum/rice/cowpea. The maximized Total Gross Margin (TGM) for livestock production enterpriseÂ was N655,095.14 per season, while that of the crop production enterprise was N220,194.92 per hectare. On the resource allocation and use pattern, Â farm size, hired labour and other costs were fully utilized in arriving at the optimal solution in livestock production enterprise; while farm size and seed were fully utilized in arriving at the optimal solution in crop production enterprise. It is recommended among others that the agro-pastoralist be educated on modern methods of agricultural production to raise their level of production. Also, production inputs especially improved seeds be made readily available and affordable to the farmers.
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