Broiler Chickens Performance as Affected by Animal Fat and Plant Oil under Hot Arid Conditions of Sudan

Asma H. M. Hamed, N. A. Musharaf, Amani A. B. Osman

Abstract


The influence of dietary animal fat and plant oil on broilers performance under Sudan conditions was studied. The experiment lasted seven weeks. One hundred and fifty one - day old, unsexed Lohmann breed chicks were divided randomly into three dietary treatments (50 birds /treatment) with five replicates of ten birds each. Average minimum and maximum temperatures during the experimental period were 26.1◦ C and 38.9 ◦C, respectively. Parameters measured were feed intake, body weight gain, feed conversion ratio, and mortality rate.

Three dietary treatments were used in this study. Diet A with no fat added ( NF) , diet B was supplemented with 5% peanut oil ( PO )  and in diet  C  5% beef tallow ( BT) was added . The three diets were made to be isonitrogenous. All nutrients were calculated to meet the USA National Research Council Requirements (NRC, 1984) for broiler chicks.

The results indicate that during the experimental period feed consumption was not affected by fat addition, irrespective of its source. There was a trend to increase the total body weight gain but the difference did not reach significant level. It was noticed that the ambient temperature during the experiment was very high which might upset the beneficial effect of dietary fat.


Keywords


Peanut oil, Beef tallow, Broiler, Performance, Sudan

Full Text:

PDF

References


Song GL, Li DF, Pio Xs, Chi FJT. (2003). Comparisons of amino acid availability by different methods and metabolizable energy determination of a Chinese variety of high oil corn .Poultry Sci. 82:1017-1023.

Hurwitz, S.;M.Weiselberg;U.Eisner ; I.Batrov;G.Riesenfeld; M.Sharvit; A.Niv and S.Bornstein (1980) . The requirements and performance of growing chickens and turkeys, as affected by environmental temperature. Poultry Sci, 59:2290-2299.

Charles, D.R. ;C.M.Goom.and T.S.Bary (1981) . The effects of temperature on broilers: interactions between temperature and feeding regime . Br.Poultry Sci., 22:475-481.

Payne,C.G. (1966) .Practical aspects of environmental temperature for laying hens . World’s Poultry Science Journal, 22:126-139.

Fuller, H.L.and M.Rendon (1977) .Energetic efficiency of different dietary fats for growth of young chicks. Poultry Sci. 59:549-557.

NRC (1994). Nutrient requirements of Poultry.(9th rev.Ed.) National Academy press.Washington,D.C.USA.

Reid B.L. and C.W.Weber(1975).Supplemental dietary fat and laying hen performance. Poultry Sci., 54:422-428.

Jabar Jamaly and Ebrahim Babaahmady(2012). Effect of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids in broiler diets. International Journal of plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences.2 (3)53-55.www.ijpaes.com

Sinurat A.P.and D. Balnave(1985).Effect of dietary amino acids and metabolizable energy on the performance of broilers kept at high temperatures. Br.Pout.Sci.,26:117-128.

Bartov,I.(1987) .Combined effect of age and ambient temperature on the comparative growth of broiler chicks fed tallow and soybean oil . Poultry Sci., 66:273-279.

Dale, N.M. and H.L.Fuller (1980) .Effect of diet composition on feed intake and growth of chicks under heat stress . 11.Constant Vs. cycling temperatures.Poultry Sci. 59: 1434-1441.

Oluemi,J.L. and B.L.Fetuga (1978) . The protein and energy requirements of Ducklings in the tropics. Br. Pooult. Sci., 19: 261-266.

Skinner J.T. and Park W.Waldroup(1989).Effects of constant or changing dietary energy level on performance of male broilers. Poultry Sci., 68(Suppl.1):134(Abstr.)


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)