Chemical Composition of Raw Milk Produced and Distributed In Khartoum State, Sudan

Nahla A. H. Elsheikh, Siham A. Rahmatalla, Mohamed O. M. Abdalla

Abstract


This study was conducted to evaluate the physicochemical properties of raw milk from different marketing channels in Omdurman and Khartoum North towns, Sudan.  A total of 150 samples of raw milk were collected from distribution channels (pick-up trucks, venders on donkeys cart farms) in each town, and subjected to physicochemical analysis (fat, protein, total solids (TS), solids-non fat (SNF), lactose, density, acidity and added water). The highest contents of fat and added water were found in Omdurman, while the highest acidity was recorded in samples from Khartoum North. Among the distribution channels, the highest fat and TS contents and acidity were in pick-up trucks, and the lowest in venders on donkeys’ cart and farms. The highest added water was obtained in venders on donkey cart. In Omdurman, the highest fat and TS contents were in samples collected from pickup- trucks, while the lowest fat and TS contents were in farms milk. Furthermore, the acidity was higher in milk samples collected from venders on donkeys’ cart compared to farms milk. In Khartoum North, the highest fat content was in milk from pick-up trucks, whereas the lowest was in venders on donkeys.  The highest contents of protein and acidity were obtained in farms' milk and venders' on donkey cart, respectively.


Keywords


Physicochemical, milk, marketing channels, Sudan

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References


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