A Comparative Assessment of Sustainable Livestock Extension Service Delivery in Benue and Nasarawa States, Nigeria
Keywords:Comparative, assessment, sustainable, livestock, extension service, delivery
AÂ surveyÂ wasÂ conducted inÂ 2005Â to assessÂ Sustainable Livestock Extension ServiceÂ Delivery inÂ BenueÂ andÂ NasarawaÂ Â States. TheÂ populationÂ of thisÂ studyÂ consisted ofÂ allÂ livestockÂ extensionÂ policyÂ stakeholders, and due to the enormity ofÂ this population , a sampleÂ sizeÂ of 220 respondentsÂ wasÂ selectedÂ usingÂ purposive, snowballÂ andÂ simpleÂ randomÂ sampling techniques. Data for thisÂ study were collectedÂ mainlyÂ fromÂ primaryÂ sourcesÂ Â throughÂ the useÂ ofÂ a wellÂ structuredÂ questionnaire. TheÂ collectedÂ dataÂ wereÂ Â analysedÂ Â usingÂ descriptiveÂ statistics suchÂ asÂ frequency distributionÂ tables,Â andÂ Â percentagesÂ , asÂ wellÂ Â asÂ inferentialÂ statisticsÂ suchÂ as KruskalÂ Â Wallis(H) test, Mann-Whitney(U)testÂ andÂ RankedÂ correlation coefficient(rho).ItÂ wasÂ found thatÂ thereÂ Â is a significant difference between Benue and NasarawaÂ States(U1=22.5.>0) in terms of the commonest species of Livestock kept and that there isÂ aÂ significant difference betweenÂ BenueÂ Â andÂ Â NasarawaÂ States (H.cal.10.3>X2-Tab.7.81) inÂ terms ofÂ sustainable livestock extensionÂ serviceÂ Â delivery. Besides, it wasÂ Â found thatÂ funding of livestock extensionÂ service deliveryÂ hasÂ been unsustainable inÂ Benue(R2=12.0)Â andÂ Â Â Â Nasarawa(R4=12.5) States, and thatÂ Â majorityÂ ofÂ livestockÂ farmersÂ inÂ Benue(72.7%) andÂ Nasarawa(63.6%)Â States hadÂ beenÂ obtainingÂ theirÂ sourcesÂ Â of agricultural informationÂ from extensionÂ agents. Finally, thereÂ wasÂ Â a strongÂ relationship(rho=0.9) betweenÂ BenueÂ Â andÂ Nasarawa StatesÂ inÂ terms ofÂ implementation ofÂ keyÂ operational extension policy measures. ItÂ Â wasÂ recommended that costÂ sharingÂ Â shouldÂ beÂ adoptedÂ by theÂ threeÂ tiers ofÂ government ,commercial banks , oil and gas companiesÂ and theÂ privateÂ sector in fundingÂ Â of ourÂ Unified Agricultural Extension System(UAES), development of the 141 grazing reserves earlier mapped out in the Northern parts of Nigeria and implementation of Sedentarisation livestockÂ policy, and putting in place a sustainable policy framework akin to that of TertiaryÂ Education TrustÂ Fund(TETF)Â and the Smith Lever Act ofÂ May 8,1914 that established the Co-operative Extension Service(CES) in the USA, toÂ ensure adequateÂ funding ofÂ livestock extensionÂ service delivery inÂ Nigeria inÂ general andÂ BenueÂ and NasarawaÂ States inÂ particularÂ withÂ aÂ viewÂ toÂ ensure sustainable livestock extension service deliveryÂ and transformation ofÂ agriculture inÂ thisÂ country.
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